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      De sujeitos e objetos: um ensaio crítico de antropologia da técnica e da tecnologia

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          Abstract

          Os estudos sobre os fenômenos técnicos geralmente centram-se sobre atos e lógicas de produção dos objetos, através de abordagens sistêmicas e a partir da dicotomia Homem/Natureza. Dessa forma, as análises levam à construção de totalidades ontologicamente distintas: por um lado, o mundo sociocultural, por outro, aquele material. Assim, quando se se refere ao Homem, entende-se sociedade, sistema simbólico, etc., enquanto que, por Natureza, aspectos físicos, químicos, etc. Analisando criticamente esse paradigma, o presente artigo busca colocar em evidência seus limites heurísticos, para em seguida apresentar um esboço de proposta analítica alternativa, baseada numa abordagem processual, no entendimento das técnicas a partir de lógicas e práticas de uso, e na superação metodológica da referida dicotomia Homem/Natureza. Assim, aborda os elementos que constituem o cosmo como estando, segundo as circunstâncias, na posição de sujeitos de ação ou de objetos da ação.

          Translated abstract

          Studies on technical phenomena usually focus on actions and logics of production of objects through systemic approaches and from the dichotomy Man/Nature. Thus, the analysis led to the construction of worlds ontologically distinct: the sociocultural world, on the one hand, and the material world on the other hand. Thus, when it refers to Man, the analyses talk about society, symbolic system, etc., while, when it refers to Nature, aspects such as physics, chemistry etc., are put forward. Critically analyzing this paradigm, this article seeks to highlight its heuristic limits. An outline of an analytical alternative will be presented, which is based on a processual approach that understands the techniques from logics and practices of use. This approach search to overcome methodologically the dichotomy Man/Nature by addressing the elements that constitute the cosmos, which depending on circumstances, is found on the position of subject of action or object of action.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                s_ha
                Horizontes Antropológicos
                Horiz.antropol.
                Programa de Pós-graduação em Antropologia Social - IFCH-UFRGS (Porto Alegre )
                0104-7183
                December 2011
                : 17
                : 36
                : 95-125
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal da Paraíba Brazil
                Article
                S0104-71832011000200005
                10.1590/S0104-71832011000200005
                Product
                Product Information: website

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