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      End-Stage Renal Disease following Polycythemia vera: In vitro and in vivo Response of Erythroid Progenitors to Erythropoietin and Effects of Sera on Normal Erythropoiesis

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          Abstract

          We investigated the in vitro erythroid progenitor growth and the effects of sera on normal-marrow CFU-E (colony-forming units – erythroid) growth in 2 patients with renal failure on regular hemodialysis following a prior history of polycythemia vera (PV). PV was diagnosed 3 and 11 years, respectively, before the development of terminal renal failure. One of the patients had entered a spent phase of PV as characterized by diffuse extensive myelofibrosis and anemia; the other also had mild myelofibrosis. The serum erythropoietin (EPO) levels were low or normal on serial measurements by radioimmunoassay. There was no correlation between the hematocrit values and serum EPO levels. EPO-independent erythroid colonies were present in the cultures of bone marrow and peripheral blood cells from both patients after renal failure in the anemic state. With the addition of various concentrations of EPO, the number of erythroid colonies increased as the concentrations of EPO increased which was in accordance with the clinical observation that 1 patient with postpolycythemic myeloid metaplasia partially responded to recombinant human EPO therapy. In the EPO-dependent CFU-E assay, normal-marrow CFU-E numbers supported by 10% of the patient sera were less than those by normal sera. In the absence of EPO in cultures, no erythropoietic activity was found in the patients’ sera. Our study on uremic patients with underlying PV showed that the biologic characteristics of autonomous erythroid progenitor growth for PV persisted during the spent phase and after the development of terminal renal failure with anemia. The erythroid progenitors responded to EPO both in vitro and in vivo. Their sera exhibited an inhibiting effect on the growth of normal-marrow erythroid progenitors.

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          Polycystic kidney disease and polycythemia vera. Occurrence in a patient receiving hemodialysis.

          Symptomatic erythrocytosis developed in a 59-year-old man with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) while he was receiving maintenance hemodialysis. Major clinical and laboratory data suggested a diagnosis of polycythemia vera (PV), despite a normal serum alkaline phosphatase level and leukocyte count. Secondary erythrocytosis, related to chronic hypoxemia and increased erythropoietin production, was excluded by appropriate laboratory studies. Despite previous documentation of secondary erythrocytosis in patients receiving hemodialysis, to my knowledge, PV has not been described in this population.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            1998
            June 1998
            27 May 1998
            : 79
            : 2
            : 142-147
            Affiliations
            Divisions of a Hematology-Oncology and b Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan
            Article
            45016 Nephron 1998;79:142–147
            10.1159/000045016
            9647492
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Tables: 3, References: 25, Pages: 6
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45016
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            Original Paper

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