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      Influence of muscle glycogen on glycogenolysis and glucose uptake during exercise in humans.

      Journal of Applied Physiology

      Adult, Carbon Dioxide, blood, Dietary Carbohydrates, pharmacology, Exercise, physiology, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified, Glucose, metabolism, Glycogen, Humans, Insulin, Kinetics, Lactates, Lactic Acid, Male, Muscle, Skeletal, drug effects, Oxygen Consumption

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          Abstract

          To examine the effects of alterations in preexercise muscle glycogen availability on glycogenolysis and glucose uptake during exercise, 12 active but untrained men [22.8 +/- 1.6 (SE) yr, 71.7 +/- 2.0 kg, peak pulmonary oxygen uptake 3.85 +/- 0.16 l/min] were studied during 40 min of cycle ergometer exercise at 65-70% peak pulmonary oxygen uptake on two separate occasions, at least 1 wk apart. Preexercise muscle glycogen concentrations were manipulated by having the subjects perform glycogen-lowering exercise either 24 or 48 h before a trial, in combination with either high or low dietary carbohydrate intake. In series 1 (n = 7), increasing muscle glycogen from 90.3 +/- 6.0 to 124.7 +/- 10.8 mmol/kg wet wt increased muscle glycogenolysis during exercise (62.7 +/- 7.9 vs. 49.1 +/- 6.6 mmol/kg; P < 0.05). Similarly, in series 2 (n = 5) when muscle glycogen was reduced from 96.2 +/- 6.6 to 53.7 +/- 6.0 mmol/kg, glycogen utilization during exercise was reduced from 51.8 +/- 4.6 to 28.3 +/- 3.8 mmol/kg (P < 0.05). The altered muscle glycogen utilization was associated with alterations in carbohydrate oxidation during exercise, without effect on tracer ([3H]glucose)-determined glucose uptake. These results indicate that preexercise muscle glycogen availability influences muscle glycogenolysis, but not glucose uptake, during exercise.

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