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      Reproductive health self-care for female students: Educational needs assessment, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences 2018

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          Abstract

          CONTEXT:

          Young people play major roles in the future of a society and face major challenges in the field of reproductive health during this period. Therefore, it is particularly important to investigate their educational needs for the reproductive health self-care.

          AIMS:

          The present study aimed to provide a needs assessment and determine the educational needs of reproductive health self-care in female students.

          SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

          Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The present research was descriptive cross-sectional.

          SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

          Data were collected from 96 female students who were selected using quota sampling and also 15 providers of reproductive health services. Data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire comprising two parts of the demographic information and the reproductive health needs assessment. The content and face validity were determined by the cooperation of ten reproductive health and adolescence health experts, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to determine the reliability of the questionnaires.

          STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

          Data analysis was done by descriptive statistics (mean and frequency distribution) and one-sample t-test using the SPSS 20 version.

          RESULTS:

          The total mean of needs for reproductive health education was 3.51 out of 5 in female students. Apart from the high-risk behavior, mean scores of other fields were significantly greater than the average (3). Three educational priorities included cervical cancer, violence against women, and ovarian cysts. In addition, among the popular educational methods, most people chose the non-attendance method and mostly mobile applications and then educational booklets.

          CONCLUSIONS:

          Results indicated that female students had a great need for self-care education in different fields of reproductive health; hence, it seems essential to implement the educational programs in accordance with their needs by taking advantage of the available learning opportunities in universities, particularly universities of medical sciences for their health promotion and empowerment to acquire self-care skills. Furthermore, the present research emphasized the need to pay attention to education using the Internet applications.

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          Most cited references44

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          Prevalence of Violence Against Dating Partners by Male and Female University Students Worldwide

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            The sexual and reproductive health of young people in the Arab countries and Iran.

            This article reviews the sexual and reproductive health situation of young people aged 10-24 in the Arab states and Iran, based on published and unpublished literature and interviews with 51 key informants working mostly in NGOs and international agencies in the region. There are few national government programmes addressing young people's sexual and reproductive health, with the exceptions of Tunisia and Iran, and a lack of population-based data to guide such programmes. Although the strong emphasis on the integrity and strength of the family unit has a protective effect, young people lack access to information. Education curricula that include these topics are rare and where they do exist, relevant sections are frequently skipped over by teachers, who are unprepared. Health service providers neither recognise the needs of this age group nor make young people welcome, particularly those who are unmarried. Increased education and employment mean the age at marriage is rising, but unprotected forms of marriage are also reported. Taboos surrounding discussion of sexuality remain a key constraint, and data on unwanted pregnancy and abortion, violence against women, and STIs/HIV/AIDS are limited. Building on NGO models and existing efforts, there is a need for the development of national programmes to support the well-being of young people in this region.
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              Sexual victimization: incidence, knowledge and resource use among a population of college women.

              To assess the incidence of sexual victimization among a convenience sample of college women and evaluate both victims and non-victims' knowledge and use of available on and off campus resources. Written questionnaire distributed to students in lobbies of two campus libraries and large computing center A private northeastern university Upper-class undergraduate women (sophomores, juniors and seniors) Respondents (n=234) were asked to complete demographic information, report instances of sexual victimization (including rape, sexual coercion and unwanted sexual contact) that occurred during the 1999-2000 academic year and indicate whether they would or did use either university and/or outside resources available to sexual assault victims. Of the women who participated, 38% (90/234) affirmed one or more episodes of sexual victimization, with 6% (14/234) reporting a completed rape and 4% (9/234) an attempted rape. Drug or alcohol-related impairment leading to unwanted sexual activity was reported by 15% (35/234) of women. Utilization of available on- and off-campus resources was uncommon among victims (22% and 6%, respectively); 12% contacted health services, while only 4% reported an event to university security. Victims cited fear, embarrassment and guilt, as well as lack of confidentiality, as the most common reasons for failure to use resources. Increasing campus awareness of sexual victimization and removing barriers to access for victims should remain university goals.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Educ Health Promot
                J Educ Health Promot
                JEHP
                Journal of Education and Health Promotion
                Wolters Kluwer - Medknow (India )
                2277-9531
                2319-6440
                2020
                30 January 2020
                : 9
                : 17
                Affiliations
                [1] Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
                [1 ] Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
                Author notes
                Address for correspondence: Mrs. Mahshid Abdishahshahani, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. E-mail: abdi_mahshid@ 123456yahoo.com
                Article
                JEHP-9-17
                10.4103/jehp.jehp_378_19
                7034169
                752dabb2-036f-44f6-a606-01b5ecae9894
                Copyright: © 2020 Journal of Education and Health Promotion

                This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

                History
                : 30 June 2019
                : 17 September 2019
                Categories
                Original Article

                educational need,needs assessment,reproductive health,self-care,student

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