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      Recovery from Ischemic Acute Renal Failure: Independence from Dialysis Membrane Type

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Hemodialysis, rats, Acute renal failure, Renal recovery, Dialyzer membrane, biocompatibility

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          Abstract

          Exposure to complement-activating cellulosic dialysis membranes has been claimed to adversely affect the course of acute renal failure. To test this hypothesis, male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to two groups: in group I, acute renal failure was induced by bilateral renal artery clamping, while group II animals underwent a sham procedure. In each group, the rats were further allocated to undergo hemodialysis with either a Cuprophan, a Hemophan, or a PAN miniDialyzer membrane 3 and 7 days after surgery or no dialysis. The renal function was measured by inulin clearance on the days following dialysis. Temporary occlusion of the renal arteries led to a rapid increase in serum urea and creatinine levels that peaked between 24 and 48 h after surgery and declined slowly thereafter. Peak urea values were similar in the acute renal failure groups. The hemodialysis sessions were well tolerated. Degree and rate of recovery were similar in all acute renal failure groups irrespective of whether they underwent dialysis or not or the type of the dialysis membrane. Complete recovery was observed in all the acute renal failure groups by the end of the observation period. Our findings refute the hypothesis that in ischemic acute renal failure exposure to complement-activating cellulosic dialysis membranes impairs the recovery of renal function.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          19 December 2008
          : 73
          : 4
          : 644-651
          Article
          189153 Nephron 1996;73:644–651
          10.1159/000189153
          8856264
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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