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      Kinetics and Hydrodynamics of Silver Ion Flotation

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          Abstract

          This paper studies and determines the dispersion properties (Jg, Eg and Db), kinetics parameters and hydrodynamics of the process and its effect on the recovery of silver contained in spent diluted fixers by techniques of ion flotation in columns. The experimental results show silver recoveries of 97 % using sodium isopropyl xanthate (SIX) 0.06 g-L-1 and 0.04 g-L-1 of frother, at a Jg of 1.0 cm-s-1 and Jl of 0.72 cm-s-1. Xanthate-promoter combinations do not improve the separation; however, recoveries of 91.5% are achieved. The control of pH at 6.0 during the ion flotation of silver helps to improve the separation, compared to pH values of 7.0 and 8.0. The kinetic constant of apparent flotation k (min-1) maintains a linear behavior with the recovery and the dispersion properties, until reaching a slope change in the plot of Eg Vs Jg, where the system changes bubble flow regime, from homogeneous to turbulent.

          Translated abstract

          Este estudio investiga y determina las propiedades de la dispersión (Jg, Eg y Db), los parámetros cinéticos y la hidrodinámica del sistema y su efecto en la recuperación de plata contenida en líquidos fijadores diluidos agotados, mediante la flotación iónica en columnas. Los resultados experimentales muestran recuperaciones de plata del 97 %, usando xantato isopropílico de sodio (XIS) en concentración de 60 mg L-1 y 40 mg L-1espumante, Jg de 1.0 cm·s-1, y Jl de 0.72 cm s -1. Combinaciones de xantato y promotor no mejoran la separación, sin embargo, se logran recuperaciones del 91.5%. El control del pH en 6.0durante la flotacióniónica de plata contribuyea mejorar la separación respecto a los pH de 7.0 y 8.0. La constante cinética de flotación aparente mantiene un comportamiento lineal con la recuperación y las propiedades de la dispersión, hasta el cambio de pendiente en el grafico de Eg Vs Jg, donde el sistema cambia de régimen de flujo de homogéneo a turbulento.

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          Most cited references 24

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          Ion flotation

           F. Sebba (1962)
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            Int. J. Miner. Process.

             F Doyle (2003)
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              J. Mex. Chem. Soc.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                jmcs
                Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society
                J. Mex. Chem. Soc
                Sociedad Química de México A.C. (México )
                1870-249X
                December 2012
                : 56
                : 4
                : 408-416
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo México
                [2 ] Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo México
                Article
                S1870-249X2012000400009

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Categories
                Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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