Nan Chen 1 , Jiaqi Qian 2 , Jianghua Chen 3 , Xueqing Yu 4 , Changlin Mei 5 , Chuanming Hao 6 , Gengru Jiang 7 , Hongli Lin 8 , Xinzhou Zhang 9 , Li Zuo 10 , Qiang He 11 , Ping Fu 12 , Xuemei Li 13 , Dalvin Ni 14 , Stefan Hemmerich 14 , Cameron Liu 14 , Lynda Szczech 14 , Anatole Besarab 14 , Thomas B. Neff 14 , Kin-Hung Peony Yu 14 , Frank H. Valone 14
27 March 2017
FG-4592 (roxadustat) is an oral hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor (HIF-PHI) promoting coordinated erythropoiesis through the transcription factor HIF. Two Phase 2 studies were conducted in China to explore the safety and efficacy of FG-4592 (USAN name: roxadustat, CDAN name: ), a HIF-PHI, in patients with anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD), both patients who were dialysis-dependent (DD) and patients who were not dialysis-dependent (NDD).
In the NDD study, 91 participants were randomized to low (1.1–1.75 mg/kg) or high (1.50–2.25 mg/kg) FG-4592 starting doses or to placebo. In the DD study, 87 were enrolled to low (1.1–1.8 mg/kg), medium (1.5–2.3 mg/kg) and high (1.7–2.3 mg/kg) starting FG-4592 doses or to continuation of epoetin alfa. In both studies, only oral iron supplementation was allowed.
In the NDD study, hemoglobin (Hb) increase ≥1 g/dL from baseline was achieved in 80.0% of subjects in the low-dose cohort and 87.1% in the high-dose cohort, versus 23.3% in the placebo arm (P < 0.0001, both). In the DD study, 59.1%, 88.9% (P = 0.008) and 100% (P = 0.0003) of the low-, medium- and high-dose subjects maintained their Hb levels after 5- and 6-weeks versus 50% of the epoetin alfa-treated subjects.
In both studies, significant reductions in cholesterol were noted in FG-4592-treated subjects, with stability or increases in serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) and transferrin (without intravenous iron administration). In the NDD study, hepcidin levels were significantly reduced across all FG-4592-treated arms as compared with no change in the placebo arm. In the DD study, hepcidin levels were also reduced in a statistically significant dose-dependent manner in the highest dose group as compared with the epoetin alfa-treated group. Adverse events were similar for FG-4592-treated and control subjects.