+1 Recommend
0 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: not found
      • Article: not found

      Transformation of Proton-Conducting Perovskite-Type into Fluorite-Type Fast Oxide Ion Electrolytes Using a CO2Capture Technique and Their Electrical Properties

      Inorganic Chemistry
      American Chemical Society (ACS)

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Fast oxide ion conducting Ce 1- x M x O 2-delta (M = In, Sm; x = 0.1, 0.2) and Ce 0.8Sm 0.05Ca 0.15O 1.825 were prepared from the corresponding perovskite-like structured materials with nominal chemical composition of BaCe 1- x M x O 3-delta and BaCe 0.8Sm 0.05Ca 0.15O 2.825, respectively, by reacting with CO 2 at 800 degrees C for 12 h. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis showed the formation of fluorite-type CeO 2 and BaCO 3 just after reaction with CO 2. The amount of CO 2 gained per ceramic gram was found to be consistent with the Ba content. The CO 2 reacted samples were washed with dilute HCl and water, and the resultant solid product was characterized structurally and electrically employing various solid-state characterization methods, including PXRD, and alternating current (ac) impedance spectroscopy. The lattice constant of presently prepared Ce 1- x M x O 2-delta and Ce 0.8Sm 0.05Ca 0. 15O 1.825 by a CO 2 capture technique follows the expected ionic radii trend. For example, In-doped Ce 0.9In 0.1O 1.95 (In (3+) (VIII) = 0.92 A) sample showed a fluorite-type cell constant of 5.398(1) A, which is lower than the parent CeO 2 (5.411 A, Ce (4+) (VIII) = 0.97 A). Our attempt to prepare single-phase In-doped CeO 2 samples at 800, 1000, and 1500 degrees C using the ceramic method was unsuccessful. However, we were able to prepare single-phase Ce 0.9In 0.1O 1.95 and Ce 0.8In 0.2O 1.9 by the CO 2 capture method from the corresponding barium perovskites. The PXRD studies showed that the In-doped samples are thermodynamically unstable above 800 degrees C. The ac electrical conductivity studies using Pt electrodes showed the presence of bulk, grain-boundary, and electrode contributions over the investigated temperature range in the frequency range of 10 (-2)-10 (7) Hz. The bulk ionic conductivity and activation energy for the electrical conductivity of presently prepared Sm- and (Sm + Ca)-doped CeO 2 samples shows conductivities similar to those of materials prepared by the ceramic method reported in the literature. For instance, the conductivity of Ce 0.8Sm 0.2O 1.9 using the CO 2 capture technique was determined to be 4.1 x 10 (-3) S/cm, and the conductivity of the same sample prepared using the ceramic method was 3.9 x 10 (-3) S/cm at 500 degrees C. The apparent activation energy of the area-specific polarization resistance for the symmetric cell (Sm,Sr)CoO 3- x |Ce 0.8Sm 0.2O 1.9|(Sm,Sr)CoO 3- x was determined to be 1 eV in air.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Inorganic Chemistry
          Inorg. Chem.
          American Chemical Society (ACS)
          October 06 2008
          October 06 2008
          : 47
          : 19
          : 8972-8984
          © 2008
          Self URI (article page): https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ic8010025


          Comment on this article