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      Estratigrafía y petrología del sector noreste de sierra de Apas. Provincia del Chubut Translated title: Stratigraphy and petrology of the Northeastern sector of Sierra de Apas. Chubut Province

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          Abstract

          La sierra de Apas, ubicada entre las provincias de Rio Negro y Chubut, forma parte del magmatismo de intraplaca emplazado durante el Paleogeno-Neógeno en el norte de la Patagonia extrandina. En el sector noreste se ha definido una estratigrafía integrada por: traquitas oscuras, flujos piroclásticos, traquitas claras, domos riolíticos y basaltos porfíricos y afíricos. Las traquitas oscuras, son relativamente más antiguas, tienen bajo porcentaje de fenocristales, y clasifican como traquitas- benmoreítas. Las traquitas claras son porfíricas, y clasifican como comenditas. Su ubicación estratigráfica es confirmada por una edad K/Ar de 19 ± 2 Ma. Los flujos piroclásticos son predominantemente vítreos, cubren a las traquitas oscuras y tienen composiciones traquiandesíticas. La petrografía y geoquímica establecen una estrecha relación con las traquitas claras. El único cuerpo dómico en el área es el cerro Colorado, cuya composición corresponde a una riolita peralcalina ó comendita; una edad K/Ar de 24 ± 1 Ma establece por primera vez su relación temporal. La unidad efusiva más joven corresponde a lavas basálticas, agrupadas en afíricas y porfíricas. Se propone designar a las primeras como basaltos olivínicos transicionales en tanto que los basaltos porfíricos se subdividen en basaltos olivínicos alcalinos y hawaiitas. Los datos estratigráficos y geoquímicos sugieren que la asociación volcánica estudiada es el resultado de al menos dos etapas evolutivas. Una de ellas incluye los basaltos, traquitas claras, flujos claros y comenditas que muestran un patrón de cristalización fraccionada. Las traquitas oscuras, más viejas, corresponderían a otro estadio evolutivo.

          Translated abstract

          The volcanic building of Sierra de Apas (located on the limit between the Rio Negro and Chubut provinces) is part of the Paleogene-Neogene intraplate magmatism of the northern Extrandean Patagonia. This contribution is focused on the northeastern of the Sierra where five effusive facies were recognized within the volcanic pile. The lowermost unit is represented by phenochryst-poor dark trachytes which classsify as trachytes and benmoreites. The dark trachytes are overlain either by light trachytes or by pyroclastic flows. The former are porphyritic rocks clasiffied as comendites and yielded an age of 19 ± 2 Ma. The pyroclastic flows are mainly pumiceous, of trachyandesite composition; both petrography and chemical features suggest a genetic link with the light trachytes.An exogene dome is represented by the Cerro Colorado, composed of a peralkaline rhyolite (comendite) which yielded an age of 24 ± 1 Ma. The uppermost effusive unit is represented by basaltic lava flows which are found resting upon either the light trachytes or the pyroclastic flows. Basaltic rocks may be grouped into porphyric and aphyric. On the basis of their chemical composition, the latter are transitional olivine basalts, whereas the former may be further divided in alkaline olivine basalts and hawaiites. Both stratigraphy and chemical data suggest that the described volcanic pile is the result of at least two evolutionary stages. One of them includes the basalts, light trachytes, pyroclastic flows and comendites which display an evolutionary trend likely resulting from fractional crystallization. The oldest dark trachytes would belong to another evolutionary stage.

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          Most cited references 19

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          Chemical composition and origin of the earth's primitive mantle

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            The application of a ThHfTa diagram to problems of tectonomagmatic classification and to establishing the nature of crustal contamination of basaltic lavas of the British Tertiary Volcanic Province

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              The Shabogamo Intrusive Suite, Labrador: Sr and Nd isotopic evidence for contaminated mafic magmas in the Proterozoic

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                raga
                Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
                Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent.
                Asociación Geológica Argentina (Buenos Aires )
                1851-8249
                December 2004
                : 59
                : 4
                : 578-590
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas Argentina
                [2 ] Universidad de Buenos Aires Argentina
                [3 ] Centro Nacional Patagónico Argentina
                Article
                S0004-48222004000400006
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                GEOLOGY
                GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

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