Objective To explore the relationship between parental self-efficacy consistency with children’s social development, and to provide a reference basis for promoting children’s social development.
Methods During September to October of 2019, cluster sampling method were used to select 905 children and their parents from 2 kindergarten (senior-, mid-and junior-class) and 2 primary schools (grade one to grade three) in Bengbu. Children’s social development and parental self-efficacy were assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the parenting sense of competence Scale, respectively. Ordinal Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between parenting efficacy consistency with children’s social development.
Results Prevalence of emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity-attention inability, peer problems, and abnormal prosocial behtavior was 8.95%, 6.30%, 18.01%, 14.03%, 7.40% and 5.41%, respectively, which were negatively associated with parental self-efficacy ( P<0.01). Consistent parenting sense of competence, children’s emotion, hyperactivity-attention inability, moral behavior and prosocial behavior anomaly detection rate lowest, mother parenting self-efficacy were higher than the father, children’s enotion, conduct behavior, hyperactivity-attention inability and prosocial behavior anomaly detection rate is highest, when the father parenting self-efficacy was higher than that of mothers, Children’s conduct behavior and hyperativity-attention inability had the highest detection rate ( Z = 6.57, 7.58, 7.25, 7.06, P<0.05). Children with higher maternal parenting self-efficacy were more likely to develop emotional, conduct behavior, hyperactivity-attention inability and prosocial behavior abnormalities, and children with higher father parenting self-efficacy were more likely to develop conduct behavior and hyperactivity-attention inability ( P <0.05).
Conclusion Parental self-efficacy and its consistency are related to child social development.lt is suggested that parents should improve the parenting efficiency and the quality of companionship, optimize the family relations, and create a harmonious atmosphere.
【摘要】 目的 探究父母养育效能一致性与儿童社会性的关联, 为促进儿童社会性发展提供参考依据。 方法 于2019 年9一10月, 采用分层整群抽样的方法, 以蚌埠市2所幼儿园3个年级(小、中、大)和2所小学3个年级(一至三)的学生及 其父母为研究对象, 共纳入905名儿童及其父母为研究对象。采用“长处和困难问卷”(SDQ)和“父母养育效能评价”量表 (PS0C)收集儿童社会性及父母养育效能的资料。采用有序Logistic回归分析父母养育效能一致性与儿童社会性发展的关 联。 结果 儿童情绪、品行行为、多动-注意力不能、同伴交往、困难和亲社会行为的异常率分别为8.95%, 6.30%, 18.01%, 14.03%, 7.40%和5.41%。情绪、多动-注意力不能、品行行为、同伴交往、困难和亲社会行为的异常随父亲/母亲养育效能 的升高而降低 ( P 值均<0.01); 父母养育效能一致时, 儿童情绪、多动-注意力不能、品行行为和亲社会行为的异常检出率最 低, 母亲养育效能高于父亲养育效能时, 儿童的情绪、多动-注意力不能和亲社会行为异常检出率最高, 父亲养育效能高于 母亲养育效能时, 儿童的品行行为和同伴交往异常的检出率最高 ( Z 值分别为 6.57,7.58,7.25,7.06, P 值均<0.05)。母亲养 育效能高于父亲养育效能的儿童更易出现情绪、品行行为、多动-注意力不能和亲社会行为异常, 父亲养育效能高于母亲 养育效能的儿童更易出现品行行为和多动-注意力不能异常 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 父母养育效能及其一致性与儿童社会 性发展相关。建议父母提高养育效能和陪伴质量, 优化家庭关系, 营造和谐氛围。