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      Correlations between Indices of Heart Rate Variability in Healthy Children and Children with Congenital Heart Disease

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          Abstract

          Heart rate variability, as determined from 24-hour Holter recordings, represents a noninvasive parameter for studying the autonomic control of the heart. It decreases with certain disease states characterized by autonomic dysfunction such as congestive heart failure. No study in healthy or cardiac children has been performed to determine the correlations between and within time and frequency domain indices of heart rate variability. We examined five time domain (SDNN, SDNNi, SDANNi, rMSSD and pNN50) and five frequency domain measures (ULF, VLF, LF, HF and balance LF/HF) in 200 healthy children and 200 children with congenital heart disease, aged 3 days to 14 years. All measures were significantly correlated with each other. However, the strength of correlation varied greatly. Our data show that variables strongly dependent on vagal tone (rMSSD, pNN50 and HF) were highly correlated (r value > 0.90), as well as SDNN and SDANNi. We conclude that certain time and frequency domain indices correlate so strongly with each other that they can act as surrogates for each other.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Normal Ranges of Heart Rate Variability During Infancy and Childhood

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            Heart Rate Behavior in Children with Atrial Septal Defect

            The aim of this study was to assess heart rate variability, a noninvasive parameter for studying the neurohumoral control of heart rate, in children with atrial septal defect. We examined five time-domain and three frequency-domain indices of heart rate variability determined from 24-hour Holter recordings in 20 children, aged 3–14 years, with secundum atrial septal defect who were about to undergo operation. The measures were compared to normal ranges and to the hemodynamic data of the preoperative cardiac catheterization. Most indices of heart rate variability were moderately depressed in children with atrial septal defect. Our data revealed negative correlations between indices and the mean right atrial pressure and the enddiastolic right ventricular pressure, respectively. The study demonstrates the importance of the right ventricular filling pressures for the autonomic control of the heart in children with atrial septal defect.
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              CRD
              Cardiology
              10.1159/issn.0008-6312
              Cardiology
              S. Karger AG
              0008-6312
              1421-9751
              1999
              August 1999
              06 August 1999
              : 91
              : 2
              : 109-113
              Affiliations
              aDivision of Pediatric Cardiology, CHR Citadelle, University of Liège, Belgium, bDepartment of Pediatric Cardiology, Klinikum der RWTH Aachen, Germany
              Article
              6889 Cardiology 1999;91:109–113
              10.1159/000006889
              10449882
              © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 13, Pages: 5
              Categories
              Congenital Heart Disease

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