2
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Prevalence of Cholelithiasis in Non-Diabetic Haemodialysis and Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Haemodialyzed (HD) patients have been found to have an increased bile cholesterol level and an increased saturation index in bile. These changes were markedly enhanced in the presence of a low-protein diet. To evaluate whether such changes influence the prevalence of cholelithiasis in patients with end-stage renal failure, real-time sonography was performed to detect the presence of gallstones (GS) in 54 HD (28 males, 26 females, mean age 52.4 ± 15.4 years) and 39 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD; 22 males, 17 females, mean age 59.1 ± 14.9 years) patients. No patient had diabetes. The patients’ charts were reviewed for the following data: age, sex, primary renal disease, obesity (20% above ideal weight), history suggestive of gallbladder disease or previous cholecystectomy, duration of dialysis, and serum cholesterol levels. Overall, cholelithiasis was documented in 12 of 93 (12.9%) patients, 7 HD and 5 CAPD. When comparing the factors outlined above, no significant difference was found between HD and CAPD patient groups, either with or without cholelithiasis. Gallbladder disease was asymptomatic in all except 1 patient who required cholecystectomy. Using a healthy control group consisting of local age- and sex-matched inhabitants, GS were found in 8 of 134 (6%) of them (p > 0.05). We conclude that the prevalence rate of GS in our dialysis population (HD and CAPD) is similar to that of a local general population following a western-style diet, irrespective of dialysis mode.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          January 1998
          19 December 1997
          : 78
          : 1
          : 44-47
          Affiliations
          Departments of a Nephrology and Hypertension and b Radiology, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba, c Hasharon Hospital, Sackler School of Medicine, University of Tel Aviv, Petah Tiqwa, d Mor Medical Institute, Tel Aviv, Israel
          Article
          44881 Nephron 1998;78:44–47
          10.1159/000044881
          9453403
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 1, References: 13, Pages: 4
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44881
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article