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      Impulse and Self-Control From a Dual-Systems Perspective.

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          Abstract

          Though human beings embody a unique ability for planned behavior, they also often act impulsively. This insight may be important for the study of self-control situations in which people are torn between their long-term goals to restrain behavior and their immediate impulses that promise hedonic fulfillment. In the present article, we outline a dual-systems perspective of impulse and self-control and suggest a framework for the prediction of self-control outcomes. This framework combines three elements that, considered jointly, may enable a more precise prediction of self-control outcomes than they do when studied in isolation: impulsive precursors of behavior, reflective precursors, and situational or dispositional boundary conditions. The theoretical and practical utility of such an approach is demonstrated by drawing on recent evidence from several domains of self-control such as eating, drinking, and sexual behavior.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Perspect Psychol Sci
          Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
          1745-6916
          1745-6916
          Mar 2009
          : 4
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] University of Wurzburg, Würzburg, Germany hofmannw@psychologie.uni-wuerzburg.de.
          [2 ] University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
          [3 ] University of Wurzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
          Article
          4/2/162
          10.1111/j.1745-6924.2009.01116.x
          26158943
          © 2009 Association for Psychological Science.

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