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      A historical approach to scorpion studies with special reference to the 20 th and 21st centuries

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          Abstract

          This work provides historical context about scorpion studies from the end of the 19 th century to the present day. The content is mainly addressed to non-zoologists, working in research fields that embrace scorpion biology, notably to those working with venoms and toxins. The historical aspects described include academic professional scholars who worked on scorpion classification and general distribution patterns; and to a lesser extent, on studies of ecology and natural history. The aim is not to provide an exhaustive description of all scholars who in one way or another became involved with scorpions, but rather of those who greatly contributed during a given period to the research of these organisms. No critical analysis of the work of previous researchers is undertaken, but some comments are proposed to bring clarification on ‘who’s who’. Since a global consensus in relation to classification and/or distribution patterns has not been reached among modern experts, these different approaches are also presented without judgment. Consequently, distinct approaches remain open for discussion.

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          Most cited references59

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          Scorpion higher phylogeny and classification, taxonomic anarchy, and standards for peer review in online publishing

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            Parthenogenesis in Scorpions

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              XVII.—Further notes on the anatomy and development of scorpions, and their bearing on the classification of the order

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis
                J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis
                The Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
                BioMed Central
                1678-9199
                2014
                11 March 2014
                : 20
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Département Systématique et Evolution, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, UMR7205, CP 053, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France
                Article
                1678-9199-20-8
                10.1186/1678-9199-20-8
                3995703
                24618067
                75a6ea7c-be5b-4b28-91b9-7184fa992e63
                Copyright © 2014 Lourenço; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

                History
                : 15 January 2014
                : 24 February 2014
                Categories
                Review

                scorpion studies,historical approach,20th century,21st century,taxonomy,biology

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