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      Resilience in Family Members of Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Review of the Literature

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      Issues in Mental Health Nursing

      Informa UK Limited

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          Most cited references 31

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          Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms.

          The concept of mechanisms that protect people against the psychological risks associated with adversity is discussed in relation to four main processes: reduction of risk impact, reduction of negative chain reactions, establishment and maintenance of self-esteem and self-efficacy, and opening up of opportunities. The mechanisms operating at key turning points in people's lives must be given special attention.
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            Randomized Controlled Caregiver Mediated Joint Engagement Intervention for Toddlers with Autism

            This study aimed to determine if a joint attention intervention would result in greater joint engagement between caregivers and toddlers with autism. The intervention consisted of 24 caregiver-mediated sessions with follow-up 1 year later. Compared to caregivers and toddlers randomized to the waitlist control group the immediate treatment (IT) group made significant improvements in targeted areas of joint engagement. The IT group demonstrated significant improvements with medium to large effect sizes in their responsiveness to joint attention and their diversity of functional play acts after the intervention with maintenance of these skills 1 year post-intervention. These are among the first randomized controlled data to suggest that short-term parent-mediated interventions can have important effects on core impairments in toddlers with autism. Clinical Trials #: NCT00065910.
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              Optimism, social support, and well-being in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder.

              This study used structural equation modeling to examine the relationship between multiple sources of social support (e.g., partner, family, and friends), optimism, and well-being among mothers of children with ASD. Social support was examined as a mediator and moderator of the optimism-maternal well-being relationship. Moreover, the role of optimism as a mediator of the social support-maternal well-being relationship was also evaluated. Results revealed that family support was associated with increased optimism that, in turn, predicted higher levels of positive maternal outcomes and lower levels of negative maternal outcomes. In addition, partner and friend support were directly associated with maternal outcomes. Implications for the development of interventions directed at increasing the quality of social support networks are discussed.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Issues in Mental Health Nursing
                Issues in Mental Health Nursing
                Informa UK Limited
                0161-2840
                1096-4673
                September 27 2012
                September 27 2012
                : 33
                : 10
                : 650-656
                Article
                10.3109/01612840.2012.671441
                75d5b6e0-9ad5-475d-9830-a8df3b619e70
                © 2012

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