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      Evaluation of smart and sustainable cities through a hybrid MCDM approach based on ANP and TOPSIS technique

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          Abstract

          Significant efforts are being performed to make cities smarter and more sustainable. Therefore, there is a need to compare these efforts using evaluation frameworks. According to the literature review, the basic dimensions of smart cities are generally evaluated with the criteria of regional competitiveness, transportation, information and communication technology, economy, natural resources, human and social capital, quality of life and participation of citizens in the management of cities. In this paper, Analytical Network Process (ANP) is used to weight smart and sustainable city criteria. According to the results, while 'smart living' is the most important characteristic with a 35,459% priority, 'smart governance' is the last with 5,738%. The study covers 44 cities around the world and comparisons were made by TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution). According to the results, Tokyo, London and New York are in the top three in the overall ranking. But none of these cities is among the top five in terms of smart governance, mobility and environmental dimensions. According to the results obtained, the article provides some recommendations for the cities. These results aim to help cities understand their situation relative to other cities and to see areas where policymakers need to strengthen.

          Abstract

          Smart city; Sustainable city; Quality of life; Smart governance; Smart people; Innovative spirit; Analytic network process (ANP); TOPSIS; Business; Economics; Sociology; Tourism; Multi criteria decision making (MCDM)

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          Most cited references 41

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          Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process

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            Smart Cities: Definitions, Dimensions, Performance, and Initiatives

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              Smartmentality: The Smart City as Disciplinary Strategy

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Heliyon
                Heliyon
                Heliyon
                Elsevier
                2405-8440
                20 October 2020
                October 2020
                20 October 2020
                : 6
                : 10
                Affiliations
                [a ]Istanbul University, Institute of Social Sciences, Quantitative Methods, Turkey
                [b ]Yildiz Technical University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of Business Administration, Turkey
                Author notes
                []Corresponding author. gozkaya@ 123456yildiz.edu.tr
                Article
                S2405-8440(20)31895-8 e05052
                10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05052
                7581932
                © 2020 The Author(s)

                This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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                Research Article

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