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      Puckering Free Energy of Pyranoses: an NMR and Metadynamics--Umbrella Sampling Investigation

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          Abstract

          We present the results of a combined metadynamics--umbrella sampling investigation of the puckered conformers of pyranoses described using the gromos 45a4 force field. The free energy landscape of Cremer--Pople puckering coordinates has been calculated for the whole series of alpha and beta aldohexoses, showing that the current force field parameters fail in reproducing proper puckering free energy differences between chair conformers. We suggest a modification to the gromos 45a4 parameter set which improves considerably the agreement of simulation results with theoretical and experimental estimates of puckering free energies. We also report on the experimental measurement of altrose conformers populations by means of NMR spectroscopy, which show good agreement with the predictions of current theoretical models.

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          Journal
          13 June 2010
          Article
          10.1063/1.3476466
          20831339
          1006.2515

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          physics.chem-ph

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