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      Effect of Na-Hyaluronan on Stromal and Endothelial Healing in Experimental Corneal Alkali Wounds

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          Abstract

          The healing of stroma and endothelium after a standardized corneal alkali wound was evaluated in sodium-hyaluronan (Na-HA)-treated eyes. Alkali wounds were produced in one eye of each rabbit by applying a 5.5-mm round filter paper soaked in 1  N NaOH onto the central cornea for 60 s. Eyes were then treated with either 1% Na-HA (the treatment group) or phosphate-buffered saline (the control group) 4 times per day for 3 weeks. Endothelial wound morphometry was performed after alizarin red and trypan blue staining, while stromal healing was assessed by counting polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and keratocytes in the central and marginal wound areas. During the early healing period the stroma treated with Na-HA had less PMNs than that of the control group. The size of the endothelial defect area measured 5 days after injury was significantly smaller in the Na-HA group than in the control corneas. The present findings indicate that topically applied 1% Na-HA affects stromal and endothelial healing during the early repair process after corneal alkali wounds.

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          Effect of Topical Na-Hyaluronan on Hemidesmosome Formation in n-Heptanol-Induced Corneal Injury

          The present study investigated the effect of Na-hyaluronan (Na-HA) on the hemidesmosome morphogenesis in n-heptanol-induced corneal wounds. Central epithelial wounds were induced in the rabbit cornea by applying a 5.5-mm round filter paper, which was soaked in n-heptanol, for 60 s. 1% Na-HA in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or PBS alone were topically administered to the wounded cornea 4 times daily for up to 7 days. Epithelial healing rates during the first 2 days were not altered by Na-HA. The number of hemidesmosomes in the basement membrane of the central cornea was significantly increased in both 3- and 7-day groups after treatment with 1% Na-HA. The results suggest that topically applied 1% Na-HA may enhance the formation of hemidesmosomes during the early healing phase in n-heptanol-induced corneal wounds.
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            The cornea surface and wound healing

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              ORE
              Ophthalmic Res
              10.1159/issn.0030-3747
              Ophthalmic Research
              S. Karger AG
              0030-3747
              1423-0259
              1999
              December 1999
              30 September 1999
              : 31
              : 6
              : 432-439
              Affiliations
              Departments of aOphthalmology and bPharmacology, Medical College, and cDivision of Morphology, Medical Research Center, Ewha Women’s University, Seoul, Korea
              Article
              55568 Ophthalmic Res 1999;31:432–439
              10.1159/000055568
              10474072
              © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 36, Pages: 8
              Categories
              Original Paper

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