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      A longitudinal study on the influence of students’ relationships with teachers, peers students and school attitude on externalizing behaviors among migrant children

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the impact of teacher-student relationship and peer relationship on externalizing behaviors among migrant children, and to investigate the mediating role of school attitude.

          Methods A longitudinal follow-up study was designed among 378 migrant children from Hubei, Guizhou and Chongqing city with the teacher-student relationship, peer relationship questionnaire, school attitude and the externalizing behavior collected through questionnaire survey.

          Results After controlling covariates and baseline (T1) externalized problem behaviors, baseline (T1) teacher-student relationship and peer relationship negatively predicted externalizing behavior at T3 (β teacher-student = −0.12, P = 0.08; β classmate = −0.20, P<0.01), The mediating effect of school attitude at T2 on the association between externalizing behaviors with teacher-student relationship (−0.11) and peer relationship (−0.05).

          Conclusion Teacher-student relationship and peer relationship affect externalizing behaviors among migrant children through school attitude. High quality teacher-student relationship and peer relationship might help to reduce externalizing behaviors among migrant children.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的探讨师生关系和同学关系对流动儿童外化问题行为的影响, 为有效改善学生心理健康水平提供参考。 方 法 采用纵向追踪研究设计, 在 1 个学年中, 使用师生关系、同学关系、学校态度和外化问题行为问卷, 在 2018 年 10 月中 旬、2019 年 3 月中旬、2019 年 6 月中旬, 3 个时间点对来自湖北省、贵州省和重庆市的 378 名流动儿童进行调查。 结果 在 控制协变量和第 1 次测量 (T1) 的学生外化问题行为后, T1 的师生关系和同学关系均负向预测时间点第 3 次测量 (T3) 的 学生外化问题行为 (β 师生关系=−0.12, P = 0.08; β 同学关系=−0.20, P<0.01); 中介检验表明, 第 2 次测量 (T2) 的学校态度在时间 点 T1 的师生关系和同学关系与时间点 T3 的流动儿童外化问题行为间的中介效应值分别为 −0.11 和 −0.05, 学校态度的中 介作用成立。 结论 师生关系和同学关系通过学校态度影响流动儿童的外化问题行为, 良好的师生关系和同学关系可减 少流动儿童的外化问题行为。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 September 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 9
          : 1348-1350
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Mental Health Education and Consultation Center of Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang (550018), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHANG Hongyi, E-mail: 574441553@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.017
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.017
          763b7b66-f3d0-4f7f-8256-4c4f37cc63f7
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Behavior,Child,Interpersonal relations,Mental health,Attitude

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