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      Ant genus Strongylognathus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Bulgaria: a preliminary review

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          Abstract

          Background

          Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853 is a Palaearctic genus, comprising 25 ant species and one subspecies, all permanent social parasites, infesting colonies of various species of Tetramorium Mayr, 1855. They have patchy distribution throughout their areas and most of them are very rare and listed as vulnerable.

          The taxonomy of the Strongylognathus huberi group needs thorough revision and the results presented below can be considered as preliminary.

          New information

          Four species of the socially parasitic ant genus Strongylognathus ( S. karawajewi Pisarski, 1966, S. huberi dalmaticus Baroni Urbani, 1969, S. afer Emery, 1884 and S. italicus Finzi, 1924) are recorded for the first time from Bulgaria and, together with the previously-known S. testaceus and S. bulgaricus stat. rev., their total number reaches six. The taxonomic position and geographic distribution of all species are discussed and a Key for their identification, based on worker caste, is compiled.

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          Most cited references 59

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          Sociobiology of slave-making ants

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            Social parasitism among ants: a review (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

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              The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3

               IUCN (2021)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2021
                21 May 2021
                : 9
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Sofia University, Sofia, Bulgaria Sofia University Sofia Bulgaria
                [2 ] Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kiev Ukraine
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Albena Lapeva-Gjonova ( gjonova@ 123456gmail.com ).

                Academic editor: Marek Borowiec

                Article
                65742 16427
                10.3897/BDJ.9.e65742
                8163718
                Albena Lapeva-Gjonova, Alexander G. Radchenko

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 7, Tables: 1, References: 55
                Categories
                Taxonomic Paper
                Insecta
                Vespoidea
                Formicidae
                Hexapoda
                Hymenoptera
                Arthropoda
                Invertebrata
                Animalia
                Systematics
                Biodiversity & Conservation

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