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      Differential epitranscriptome and proteome modulation in the brain of neonatal mice exposed to isoflurane or sevoflurane

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          Topology of the human and mouse m6A RNA methylomes revealed by m6A-seq.

          An extensive repertoire of modifications is known to underlie the versatile coding, structural and catalytic functions of RNA, but it remains largely uncharted territory. Although biochemical studies indicate that N(6)-methyladenosine (m(6)A) is the most prevalent internal modification in messenger RNA, an in-depth study of its distribution and functions has been impeded by a lack of robust analytical methods. Here we present the human and mouse m(6)A modification landscape in a transcriptome-wide manner, using a novel approach, m(6)A-seq, based on antibody-mediated capture and massively parallel sequencing. We identify over 12,000 m(6)A sites characterized by a typical consensus in the transcripts of more than 7,000 human genes. Sites preferentially appear in two distinct landmarks--around stop codons and within long internal exons--and are highly conserved between human and mouse. Although most sites are well preserved across normal and cancerous tissues and in response to various stimuli, a subset of stimulus-dependent, dynamically modulated sites is identified. Silencing the m(6)A methyltransferase significantly affects gene expression and alternative splicing patterns, resulting in modulation of the p53 (also known as TP53) signalling pathway and apoptosis. Our findings therefore suggest that RNA decoration by m(6)A has a fundamental role in regulation of gene expression.
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            Dynamic RNA Modifications in Gene Expression Regulation

            Over 100 types of chemical modifications have been identified in cellular RNAs. While the 5' cap modification and the poly(A) tail of eukaryotic mRNA play key roles in regulation, internal modifications are gaining attention for their roles in mRNA metabolism. The most abundant internal mRNA modification is N6-methyladenosine (m6A), and identification of proteins that install, recognize, and remove this and other marks have revealed roles for mRNA modification in nearly every aspect of the mRNA life cycle, as well as in various cellular, developmental, and disease processes. Abundant noncoding RNAs such as tRNAs, rRNAs, and spliceosomal RNAs are also heavily modified and depend on the modifications for their biogenesis and function. Our understanding of the biological contributions of these different chemical modifications is beginning to take shape, but it's clear that in both coding and noncoding RNAs, dynamic modifications represent a new layer of control of genetic information.
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              A METTL3-METTL14 complex mediates mammalian nuclear RNA N6-adenosine methylation

              N 6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent and reversible internal modification in mammalian messenger and non-coding RNAs. We report here that human METTL14 catalyzes m6A RNA methylation. Together with METTL3, the only previously known m6A methyltransferase, these two proteins form a stable heterodimer core complex of METTL3-14 that functions in cellular m6A deposition on mammalian nuclear RNAs. WTAP, a mammalian splicing factor, can interact with this complex and affect this methylation.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Cell Biology and Toxicology
                Cell Biol Toxicol
                Springer Science and Business Media LLC
                0742-2091
                1573-6822
                March 06 2022
                Article
                10.1007/s10565-022-09701-9
                76591671-85c4-4c18-b3ac-d18b54ecc14c
                © 2022

                https://www.springer.com/tdm

                https://www.springer.com/tdm

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