Objective To understand the relationship between eye strain and eye health behavior in college students learning at home during the period of COVID-19 epidemic, and to provide a scientific reference for improving the hygiene of using eyes among the college students.
Methods A cross-sectional study and stratified cluster sampling was used to select 2 671 college students from 8 colleges in Anhui Province during the March 1st to July 1st in 2020, and an online questionnaire was survey included general information, eye strain, and daily eye health behavior.
Results The prevalence of eye strain in college students was 69.64%. Multivariable Logistic regression analysis showed that eye strain was correlated with gender, myopia, siesta habit, staying up until 2: 00 am, and the use of eye liquid, with OR values (95% CI) were 0.64 (0.53-0.76), 1.77 (1.42-2.20), 0.71 (0.59-0.86), 1.39 (1.171.65), and 2.18 (1.71-2.79), respectively. There was no correlation among daily outdoor activity time, daytime reading time and the occurrence of eye strain ( P>0.05).
Conclusion During the period of COVID-19 epidemic, eye strain among college students is common. The daily eye health behavior is related to the occurrence of eye strain. Under the special learning context, eye care measures should be encouraged specifically.
【摘要】 目的 了解新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情(以下简称新冠疫情)居家学习期间大学生用眼护眼情况与视疲劳的关系,为 促进大学生用眼卫生提供科学依据。 方法 2020年3月1日一7月1日,采用分层整群抽样方法,以网上填写问卷调査的 方式调査安徽省内8所髙校2 671名大学生。调査内容有一般情况、视疲劳症状、日常用眼及护眼情况等。 结果 大学生 视疲劳发生率为69.64%。多因素Logistic回归分析显示,性别、近视、午休习惯、熬夜至2:00、使用护眼液等与视疲劳发生 的相关均有统计学意义[ OR 值( OR 值 95% CI)分别为 0.64 (0.53~0.76),1.77 (1.42~2.20),0.71 (0.59~0.86),1.39 (1.17~1.65),2.18 (1.71~2.79)] ;每日户外活动时长、白天看书时长与视疲劳发生的相关均无统计学意义( P值均>0.05)。 结论 新冠疫情期间大学生群体的视疲劳情况不容乐观,用眼护眼习惯与视疲劳的发生有关。在特殊的学习环境下,应该有针对 性地开展用眼护眼措施。