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Base Station Sleeping and Resource Allocation in Renewable Energy Powered Cellular Networks

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      Abstract

      We consider energy-efficient wireless resource management in cellular networks where BSs are equipped with energy harvesting devices, using statistical information for traffic intensity and harvested energy. The problem is formulated as adapting BSs' on-off states, active resource blocks (e.g. subcarriers) as well as power allocation to minimize the average grid power consumption in a given time period while satisfying the users' quality of service (blocking probability) requirements. It is transformed into an unconstrained optimization problem to minimize a weighted sum of grid power consumption and blocking probability. A two-stage dynamic programming (DP) algorithm is then proposed to solve this optimization problem, by which the BSs' on-off states are optimized in the first stage, and the active BS's resource blocks are allocated iteratively in the second stage. Compared with the optimal joint BSs' on-off states and active resource blocks allocation algorithm, the proposed algorithm greatly reduces the computational complexity, while at the same time achieves close to the optimal energy saving performance.

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      Broadcasting with an Energy Harvesting Rechargeable Transmitter

      In this paper, we investigate the transmission completion time minimization problem in a two-user additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) broadcast channel, where the transmitter is able to harvest energy from the nature, using a rechargeable battery. The harvested energy is modeled to arrive at the transmitter randomly during the course of transmissions. The transmitter has a fixed number of packets to be delivered to each receiver. Our goal is to minimize the time by which all of the packets for both users are delivered to their respective destinations. To this end, we optimize the transmit powers and transmission rates intended for both users. We first analyze the structural properties of the optimal transmission policy. We prove that the optimal total transmit power has the same structure as the optimal single-user transmit power. We also prove that there exists a cut-off power level for the stronger user. If the optimal total transmit power is lower than this cut-off level, all transmit power is allocated to the stronger user, and when the optimal total transmit power is larger than this cut-off level, all transmit power above this level is allocated to the weaker user. Based on these structural properties of the optimal policy, we propose an algorithm that yields the globally optimal off-line scheduling policy. Our algorithm is based on the idea of reducing the two-user broadcast channel problem into a single-user problem as much as possible.
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        Primary user behavior in cellular networks and implications for dynamic spectrum access

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          Networking low-power energy harvesting devices: Measurements and algorithms

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            1305.4996

            Numerical methods, Information systems & theory

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