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A Local Information Sensing-Based Broadcast Scheme for Disseminating Emergency Safety Messages in IoV

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Mobile Information Systems

Hindawi Limited

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      Abstract

      Internet of Vehicle (IoV) is playing an increasingly important role in constructing an Intelligent Transport System (ITS) of safety, efficiency, and green. Safety applications such as emergency warning and collision avoidance require high reliability and timeliness for data transmission. In order to address the problems of slow response and local broadcast storm commonly existing among waiting-based relay schemes of emergency messages, a local topology information sensing technology-based broadcast (LISCast) protocol is proposed in this paper, making use of the advantage of probability-based forwarding scheme in redundancy inhibition. According to the beacon broadcasted periodically between vehicles, LISCast collects information about number and distribution of neighbor, from which the characteristic information such as effective candidate number, maximum forwarding distance, and global traffic density are extracted. Through embedding the characteristic information into the head of broadcast packets by the message sender for assisting in making relay decision, the alternative receivers uniformly schedule forwarding priorities in a distributed and adaptive way. LISCast works without the help of a roadside unit and generates a little more overhead. The simulation results show that LISCast improves the ability to adapt to dynamic topology by optimizing the performance of delay, redundancy, and broadcast efficiency upon the condition of satisfying the high level of transmission reliability.

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      Most cited references 15

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      Broadcast storm mitigation techniques in vehicular ad hoc networks

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        Broadcasting safety information in vehicular networks: issues and approaches

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ]National Engineering Laboratory for Transportation Safety and Emergency Informatics, China Transport Telecommunications and Information Center, Beijing, China
            [2 ]Beijing Key Laboratory of Network System Architecture and Convergence, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, China
            Journal
            Mobile Information Systems
            Mobile Information Systems
            Hindawi Limited
            1574-017X
            1875-905X
            February 03 2019
            February 03 2019
            : 2019
            : 1-11
            10.1155/2019/8278904
            © 2019

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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