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      Effect of Age on Rabbit Aortic Responses to Relaxant Endothelium-Dependent and Endothelium-Independent Agents

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          Abstract

          The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aging on endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent relaxation of rabbit thoracic aorta from New Zealand white rabbits aged 4–6 and 7–12 months. The contractile response to noradrenaline (NA) decreased with increasing age, but NA [EC<sub>50</sub>] did not vary significantly. Acetylcholine (Ach)-induced relaxation of aortic rings precontracted with NA [EC<sub>50</sub>] did not change significantly with increasing age. The relaxation induced by ATP of aortic rings, precontracted with NA [EC<sub>50</sub>], was signficantly greater in young than in adult rabbits. This difference between young and adult animals became more evident in aortic rings deprived of endothelium: in adult animals, the ATP-induced relaxation of aortic rings with endothelium was significantly greater than in the rings without endothelium. The endothelium-independent relaxation by sodium nitrite (NaNO<sub>2</sub>) at lower concentrations was significantly greater in young than in adult rabbit aortic rings precontracted with NA [EC<sub>50</sub>]. Concluding, the age-induced changes in vascular response in male New Zealand white rabbits are related to an impaired mechanism at smooth muscle level.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 5
          : 358-365
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, University of Padua, Italy
          Article
          158882 Blood Vessels 1991;28:358–365
          10.1159/000158882
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Research Paper

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