Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Continuous Vectorcardiography in Patients with Chest Pain Indicative of Acute Ischemic Heart Disease

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          To assess the clinical usefulness of continuous on-line vectorcardiography (VCG), we studied 61 patients admitted to the coronary care unit (CCU) with chest pain, supposedly ischemic. Continuous VCG was performed for 24 h, monitoring QRS vector difference (QRS-VD), ST-change vector magnitude (STC-VM) and ST vector magnitude (ST-VM) measured 20 and 60 ms after the termination of the QRS complex. The patients were divided into four groups based on the final diagnosis; group A, 15 patients with normal exercise tests and extracardiac causes of chest pain; group B, 15 patients with unstable angina; group C, 15 patients with non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI); group D, 16 patients with Q-wave MI. Treatment was given according to a normal routine. Of 31 patients with MI, 16 received treatment with streptokinase. Groups A and B showed no significant permanent changes in QRS-VD, STC-VM or ST-VM. However, group B showed a higher occurrence of transient episodes (duration: 2 min-6 h) of a significant change of QRS-VD by > 15 µVs and of STC-VM, ST-VM 20 and ST-VM 60 by > 0.1 mV. Groups C and D showed both permanent changes and transient episodes for the studied vector parameters. Transient episodes were significantly fewer in group D than in group B. In patients with MI, the permanent change of vector parameters evolved more rapidly and reached a plateau earlier in those treated with streptokinase (QRS-VD: 178 ± 82 vs. 293 ± 100 min, p < 0.001; ST-VM 20: 142 ± 75 vs. 293 ± 89 min, p < 0.005). The magnitude of the end value for QRS-VD correlated with infarct size estimated by the maximal value of creatine kinase (r = 0.89; p < 0.001). We conclude that in patients admitted to the CCU with chest pain, continuous VCG monitoring early differentiates patients suffering from ischemic heart disease (IHD) from patients without IHD. It also differentiates patients with unstable angina from patients with MI.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1992
          1992
          14 November 2008
          : 81
          : 2-3
          : 145-156
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Medicine, Danderyd Hospital, Danderyd; bDepartment of Medicine, Malmö Allmänna Hospital, Malmö Sweden
          Article
          175789 Cardiology 1992;81:145–156
          10.1159/000175789
          1286473
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Coronary Care

          Comments

          Comment on this article