Progestin-facilitated lordosis of hamsters and rats is enhanced by activation of dopamine type 1 (D<sub>1</sub>) or GABA<sub>A</sub>/benzodiazepine receptor complexes (GBRs) in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and these effects involve G-proteins and second messengers, such as adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate (cAMP). We examined whether D<sub>1</sub>- and/or GBR-mediated increases in progestin-facilitated lordosis of female hamsters and rats involve the cAMP-dependent protein kinase, protein kinase A (PKA), in the VTA. In experiment 1, ovariectomized hamsters, primed with estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>; 10 µg at h 0) + progesterone (P; 100 µg at h 45), were first pre-tested for lordosis and motor behavior (h 48) and then infused with the PKA inhibitor, Rp-cAMP (100 ng/side), or vehicle. Thirty minutes later, hamsters were retested and then received infusions of the D<sub>1</sub> agonist, SKF38393 (100 ng/side), the GBR agonist, muscimol (100 ng/side), or vehicle to the VTA. Hamsters were post-tested for lordosis and motor behavior 30 min later. In Experiment 2, ovariectomized rats, primed with E<sub>2</sub> (10 µg at h 0), were first pre-tested for lordosis and then infused with Rp-cAMP (100 ng/side) or vehicle to the VTA at h 44. Immediately after testing, rats received infusions of SKF38393 (100 ng/side), muscimol (100 ng/side), or vehicle and were retested for lordosis. Rats were then infused with the neurosteroid, 5α-pregnan-3α-ol-20-one (3α,5α-THP; 100 or 200 ng/side), or β-cyclodextrin vehicle and were post-tested for lordosis and motor behavior 10 and 60 min later. The enhancing effects of progestins or progestins plus D<sub>1</sub> or GBR activation on lordosis of E<sub>2</sub>-primed hamsters and rats were blocked by the PKA inhibitor, Rp-cAMP. Thus, in the VTA, progestins’ membrane actions involving D<sub>1</sub> or GBRs are mediated, in part, by PKA.