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      Cross-Cultural Differences in Adopting Social Cognitive Career Theory at Student Employability in PLS-SEM: The Mediating Roles of Self-Efficacy and Deep Approach to Learning


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          Unable to keep pace with the expectations of employers and societies that are constantly changing around the world, higher education policy and talent training have given rise to a gap between university education and employment. However, the higher education and industrial needs derived from technological progress have changed the development in country. This study aims to verify the learning method of Taiwanese vs. Malaysian university students and examines the relationship between teacher knowledge transfer and student employability from the perspective of a social cognitive career theory. In this study, 619 copies of questionnaires from the Taiwanese sample group and 443 copies of questionnaires from the Malaysian sample group were collected in total to compare the two sample groups in the development of student employability. The results indicate that teacher knowledge transfer has significant positive correlations with self-efficacy and a deep approach to learning and student employability, and the self-efficacy and a deep approach to learning have significant positive correlations with student employability in the Taiwanese sample. In Malaysia, except for the path between teacher knowledge transfer and student employability, all paths were significant and positively related. Finally, according to our results and findings, this study proposes several insights with practical and theoretical implications for future study.

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          A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modeling

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            Multivariate Data Analysis

            For over 30 years, this text has provided students with the information they need to understand and apply multivariate data analysis. This text provides an applications-oriented introduction to multivariate analysis for the non-statistician. By reducing heavy statistical research into fundamental concepts, the text explains to students how to understand and make use of the results of specific statistical techniques. In this revision, the organization of the chapters has been greatly simplified. New chapters have been added on structural equations modeling, and all sections have been updated to reflect advances in technology, capability, and mathematical techniques. :Pearson New International Edition.
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              Self-Efficacy : The Exercise of Control

              1 Theoretical Perspectives The Nature of Human Agency Human Agency in Triadic Reciprocal Causation Determinism and the Exercise of Self-Influence Related Views of Personal Efficacy 2 The Nature and Structure of Self-Efficacy Perceived Self-Efficacy as a Generative Capability Active Producers versus Passive Foretellers of Performances The Self-Efficacy Approach to Personal Causation Multidimensionality of Self-Efficacy Belief Systems Self-Efficacy Causality Sources of Discordance Between Efficacy Judgment and Action 3 Sources of Self-Efficacy Enactive Mastery Experience Vicarious Experience Verbal Persuasion Physiological and Affective States Integration of Efficacy Information 4 Mediating Processes Cognitive Processes Motivational Processes Affective Processes Selection Processes 5 Developmental Analysis of Self-Efficacy Origins of a Sense of Personal Agency Familial Sources of Self-Efficacy Peers and the Broadening and Validation of Self-Efficacy School as an Agency for Cultivating Self-Efficacy Growth of Self-Efficacy through Transitional Experiences of Adolescence Self-Efficacy Concerns of Adulthood Reappraisals of Self-Efficacy with Advancing Age 6 Cognitive Functioning Students' Cognitive Self-Efficacy Teachers' Perceived Efficacy Collective School Efficacy 7 Health Functioning Biological Effects of Perceived Self-Efficacy Perceived Self-Efficacy in Health Promoting Behavior Prognostic Judgments and Perceived Self-Efficacy 8 Clinical Functioning Anxiety and Phobic Dysfunctions Depression Eating Disorders Alcohol and Drug Abuse 9 Athletic Functioning Development of Athletic Skills Self-Regulation of Athletic Performance Collective Team Efficacy Psychobiological Effects of Physical Exercise 10 Organizational Functioning Career Development and Pursuits Mastery of Occupational Roles Self-Efficacy in Organizational Decision Making Self-Efficacy in Enactment of Occupational Roles Collective Organizational Efficacy 11 Collective Efficacy Gauging Collective Efficacy Political Efficacy Enablement by Media Modes of Influence Enablement for Sociocultural Change Underminers of Collective Efficacy References Name and Subject Indexes.

                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                22 June 2021
                : 12
                : 586839
                [1] 1School of Economics and Management, Huaiyin Normal University , Huai'an, China
                [2] 2School of Economics and Management, Foshan University , Foshan, China
                [3] 3School of Foreign Languages, Huaiyin Normal University , Huai'an, China
                Author notes

                Edited by: Michael S. Dempsey, Boston University, United States

                Reviewed by: Ku Ho Lin, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan; Sophia Shi-Huei Ho, University of Taipei, Taiwan

                *Correspondence: Michael Yao-Ping Peng s91370001@ 123456mail2000.com.tw

                This article was submitted to Educational Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                †These authors have contributed equally to this work and share first authorship

                Copyright © 2021 Zhao, Peng and Liu.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                : 24 July 2020
                : 05 March 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 4, Equations: 0, References: 87, Pages: 15, Words: 12205
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                deep approach to learning,higher education,pls-sem,self-efficacy,student employability,teacher knowledge transfer


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