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      Mean Platelet Volume and Coronary Heart Disease in Hemodialysis Patients

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          Abstract

          Background: Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been shown to be an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction in the general population. Methods: In the present cross-sectional study it was examined whether MPV may be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients in chronic hemodialysis treatment (n = 518). CHD was diagnosed if there was a history of myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, or critical stenosis on coronary angiography. Results: Mean platelet volume in hemodialysis patients was 8.22 ± 0.06 fl. As compared with hemodialysis patients with a MPV <7.168 fl (the lower quintile limit), significantly more hemodialysis patients with a MPV >9.172 fl (the upper quintile limit) had CHD (odds ratio, 1.29; 95% confidence interval, 1.02–1.64). In a stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis MPV appeared to be an independent factor of CHD together with age, smoking, predialysis systolic blood pressure and serum triglyceride concentration. In a stepwise multiple linear regression model, MPV significantly depended on platelet count, volume of ultrafiltrate removed in one hemodialysis session, white blood cell count, treatment with beta blockers, heart rate, serum sodium and serum potassium concentrations. Additional measurements in 30 patients showed that MPV after a single hemodialysis session was not significantly different compared to predialysis values. Conclusion: From the present study it is concluded that MPV may be associated with CHD in hemodialysis patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          KBR
          Kidney Blood Press Res
          10.1159/issn.1420-4096
          Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
          S. Karger AG
          1420-4096
          1423-0143
          2002
          2002
          03 July 2002
          : 25
          : 2
          : 103-108
          Affiliations
          Medizinische Klinik I, Universitätsklinik Marienhospital, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Herne, Germany
          Article
          63516 Kidney Blood Pressure Res 2002;25:103–108
          10.1159/000063516
          12077492
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 3, References: 30, Pages: 6
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/63516
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Coronary heart disease, Mean platelet volume, Hemodialysis

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