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      Multicenter cross-calibration of I-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine heart-to-mediastinum ratios to overcome camera-collimator variations

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          Abstract

          Background

          The heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) showed variations among institutions and needs to be standardized among various scinticamera-collimator combinations.

          Methods

          A total of 225 phantom experiments were performed in 84 institutions to calculate cross-calibration coefficients of HMR. Based on phantom studies, a conversion coefficient for each camera-collimator system was created, including low-energy (LE, n = 125) and a medium-energy (ME, n = 100) collimators. An average conversion coefficient from the most common ME group was used to calculate the standard HMR. In clinical MIBG studies (n = 52) from three institutions, HMRs were standardized from both LE- and ME-type collimators and classified into risk groups of <1.60, 1.60-2.19, and ≥2.20.

          Results

          The average conversion coefficients from the individual camera-collimator condition to the mathematically calculated reference HMR ranged from 0.55 to 0.75 for LE groups and from 0.83 to 0.95 for ME groups. The conversion coefficient of 0.88 was used to unify HMRs from all acquisition conditions. Using the standardized HMR, clinical studies (n = 52) showed good agreement between LE and ME types regarding three risk groups (κ = 0.83, P < .0001, complete agreement in 90%, 42% of the patients reclassified into the same risk group).

          Conclusion

          By using the reference HMR and conversion coefficients for the system, HMRs with various conditions can be converted to the standard HMRs in a range of normal to low HMRs.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 19

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          Myocardial iodine-123 meta-iodobenzylguanidine imaging and cardiac events in heart failure. Results of the prospective ADMIRE-HF (AdreView Myocardial Imaging for Risk Evaluation in Heart Failure) study.

          The ADMIRE-HF (AdreView Myocardial Imaging for Risk Evaluation in Heart Failure) study prospectively evaluated iodine-123 meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-mIBG) imaging for identifying symptomatic heart failure (HF) patients most likely to experience cardiac events. Single-center studies have demonstrated the poorer prognosis of HF patients with reduced (123)I-mIBG myocardial uptake, but these observations have not been validated in large multicenter trials. A total of 961 subjects with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II/III HF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or =1.60 was 0.40 (p or =1.60 and 37% for H/M <1.60; hazard ratios for individual event categories were as follows: HF progression, 0.49 (p = 0.002); arrhythmic events, 0.37 (p = 0.02); and cardiac death, 0.14 (p = 0.006). Significant contributors to the multivariable model were H/M, LVEF, B-type natriuretic peptide, and NYHA functional class. (123)I-mIBG imaging also provided additional discrimination in analyses of interactions between B-type natriuretic peptide, LVEF, and H/M. ADMIRE-HF provides prospective validation of the independent prognostic value of (123)I-mIBG scintigraphy in assessment of patients with HF. (Meta-Iodobenzylguanidine Scintigraphy Imaging in Patients With Heart Failure and Control Subjects Without Cardiovascular Disease, NCT00126425; Meta-Iodobenzylguanidine [123I-mIBG] Scintigraphy Imaging in Patients With Heart Failure and Control Subjects Without Cardiovascular Disease, NCT00126438).
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            Proposal for standardization of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) cardiac sympathetic imaging by the EANM Cardiovascular Committee and the European Council of Nuclear Cardiology.

             Ignasi Carrió,  ,   (2010)
            This proposal for standardization of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (iobenguane, MIBG) cardiac sympathetic imaging includes recommendations for patient information and preparation, radiopharmaceutical, injected activities and dosimetry, image acquisition, quality control, reconstruction methods, attenuation, scatter and collimator response compensation, data analysis and interpretation, reports, and image display. The recommendations are based on evidence coming from original or scientific studies whenever possible and as far as possible reflect the current state-of-the-art in cardiac MIBG imaging. The recommendations are designed to assist in the practice of performing, interpreting and reporting cardiac sympathetic imaging. The proposed standardization does not include clinical indications, benefits or drawbacks of cardiac sympathetic imaging, and does not address cost benefits or cost effectiveness; however, clinical settings of potential utility are mentioned. Standardization of MIBG cardiac sympathetic imaging should contribute to increasing its clinical applicability and integration into current nuclear cardiology practice.
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              Prognostic value of myocardial 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) parameters in patients with heart failure: a systematic review.

              To derive a more precise estimate of the prognostic significance of myocardial 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) parameters [early heart mediastinal ratio (H/M), late H/M, and myocardial washout] in heart failure (HF). Eighteen studies with a total of 1755 patients, stratifying survival, and cardiac events in patients with HF by MIBG, were eligible for analysis. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) estimates for cardiac death and cardiac events associated with washout showed no significant heterogeneity and were 1.72 [95%CI (confidence interval), 1.72-2.52; P = 0.006] and 1.08 (95%CI: 1.03-1.12; P or = 75%). Limiting the pooling to the qualitative best three studies rendered I2 insignificant (I2 = 0) and resulted in a pooled HR of late H/M for cardiac death of 1.82 (95%CI: 0.80-4.12; P = 0.15) and for cardiac events of 1.98 (95%CI: 1.57-2.50; P < 0.001). Our results indicate that patients with HF and decreased late H/M or increased myocardial MIBG washout have a worse prognosis compared with those with normal semi-quantitative myocardial MIBG parameters.
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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [ ]Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kanazawa University Hospital, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, 920-8641 Japan
                [ ]Department of Physics, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada, Japan
                [ ]Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
                [ ]Department of Radiology, Suzuka Central General Hospital, Suzuka, Japan
                Contributors
                +81-76-265-2333 , nakajima@med.kanazawa-u.ac.jp
                Journal
                J Nucl Cardiol
                J Nucl Cardiol
                Journal of Nuclear Cardiology
                Springer US (Boston )
                1071-3581
                1532-6551
                19 June 2014
                19 June 2014
                2014
                : 21
                : 5
                : 970-978
                24942608 4167440 9916 10.1007/s12350-014-9916-2
                © The Author(s) 2014

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

                Categories
                Original Article
                Custom metadata
                © American Society of Nuclear Cardiology 2014

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