Although PTX has been identified as an effective drug for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) therapy, it has serious side effects in the human body. Previous studies have shown that timosaponin AIII (TSAIII) can inhibit the malignant progression of NPC cells. This study investigated the active mechanism of the combination of TSAIII and paclitaxel (PTX) on NPC. Cellular viability, apoptosis, apoptotic factors, and RAP1 signaling regulators were detected in the PNC cells (CNE-1 and HNE-2) and the subcutaneous CNE-1 transplanted nude mice treated with PTX or/and TSAIII. The results showed that TSAIII notably strengthened the inhibitory effect of PTX on the proliferation of NPC cells CNE-1 and HNE-2; upregulated the expression of Bax B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-xL-associated death promoter (Bad), and Ras-associated protein1 (RAP1) GTPase activating protein (Rap1GAP); inhibited the level of Bcl-2, RAP1, and Ras guanine nucleotide releasing protein (RasGRP2); and significantly enhanced the promoting effect of PTX on apoptosis in the CNE-1 and HNE-2 cells. Besides, TSAIII strengthened the inhibitory effect of PTX on xenograft tumor in nude mice without adverse reactions. In conclusion, the combination administration of TSAIII and PTX had a significantly therapeutic effect on NPC and avoided the PTX's side effects, which may have acted as a new direction for the study of therapeutic approaches for NPC clinically.