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      Returning to the present moment: Thinking about one's childhood increases focus on the hedonistic present.

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          Abstract

          Children seem to live more in the present moment than adults. But is it possible to make the present time perspective more available among adults? Four experiments demonstrated that activating childhood selves can lead adults to be more embedded in the hedonistic present. Studies 1 and 2 showed that recalling memories from childhood, either in an open-ended or a structured form, increased participants' focus on the hedonistic present. Study 3 showed that this effect also occurred after an implicit childhood manipulation. Study 4 revealed that taking the perspective of a child significantly increased orientation to the hedonistic present, compared to taking the perspective of an adult. The effects of activation of childhood selves were not mediated by mood, nostalgia, impatience, concentration, difficulty of the task, enjoyment connected with the task, or involvement in the task. Evaluation of one's childhood and tendency to relive childhood memories did not affect the results.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Gen Psychol
          The Journal of general psychology
          Informa UK Limited
          1940-0888
          0022-1309
          January 22 2019
          : 146
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] a University of Warsaw.
          [2 ] b bMedical University of Warsaw.
          Article
          10.1080/00221309.2018.1543646
          30663529
          77d6c591-2f62-4ac8-aa97-11e7d8ed0e29
          History

          Childhood memories,perspective-taking,regression,time perspective

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