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      Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative.

      1 ,   , ,

      Bioresource technology

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          The control of water pollution has become of increasing importance in recent years. The release of dyes into the environment constitutes only a small proportion of water pollution, but dyes are visible in small quantities due to their brilliance. Tightening government legislation is forcing textile industries to treat their waste effluent to an increasingly high standard. Currently, removal of dyes from effluents is by physio-chemical means. Such methods are often very costly and although the dyes are removed, accumulation of concentrated sludge creates a disposal problem. There is a need to find alternative treatments that are effective in removing dyes from large volumes of effluents and are low in cost, such as biological or combination systems. This article reviews the current available technologies and suggests an effective, cheaper alternative for dye removal and decolourisation applicable on large scale.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Bioresour Technol
          Bioresource technology
          Elsevier BV
          0960-8524
          0960-8524
          May 2001
          : 77
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Biotechnology Research Group, School of Applied Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, UK.
          Article
          S0960-8524(00)00080-8
          10.1016/s0960-8524(00)00080-8
          11272011
          77d6e52d-42f0-44c1-bb99-d5805f552c86

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