A new generalized Born model for estimating the free energy of hydration is presented. The new generalized Born/volume integral (GB/VI) estimates the free energy of hydration as a classical electrostatic energy plus a cavitation energy that is not based upon atomic surface area (SA) used in GB/SA hydration models but on a VI London dispersion energy estimated from quantities already calculated in the classical electrostatic energy. The (relatively few) GB/VI model parameters are fitted to experimental data, and parameterizations for two different atomic partial charge models are presented. Comparison of the calculated and experimental free energies of hydration for 560 small molecules (both neutral and charged) shows good agreement (r(2) = 0.94). (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.