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      Plasma C-Reactive Protein and Lipoprotein Levels, and Progression of Coronary Artery Disease after Myocardial Infarction Treated with Thrombolysis

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          Abstract

          Background: There is a paucity of studies using quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) to determine progression of coronary artery disease (CAD) after an acute coronary event. Furthermore, despite a great interest in effects of inflammation and ‘early’ lipid lowering therapy, no data have been published on the role of plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) and lipoprotein levels in CAD progression after myocardial infarction. Methods: Seventy-two patients with myocardial infarction treated with thrombolysis, but not with statins, were investigated with QCA during admission and after 6 months. Plasma CRP concentrations were measured by a high sensitive method 2 days after the acute event, and plasma high-sensitive CRP and lipoprotein levels were determined 3 months after myocardial infarction. Results: Overall, there was no significant progression of CAD, but when stenoses were grouped into those reducing the lumen diameter greater or less than 50%, progression was seen in stenoses originally <50%, whereas regression was seen in stenoses >50%. No consistent associations were seen between plasma CRP, lipoprotein lipid or lipoprotein(a) levels and CAD. Conclusions: Progression of stenoses <50% might be of clinical importance since these stenoses are more prone to rupture. Furthermore, the lack of associations between change in minimum lumen diameter and plasma CRP and lipoprotein concentrations suggests that positive effects on CAD progression of early treatment with anti-inflammatory or lipid-lowering drug therapy may not be expected in this subset of patients.

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          Most cited references 16

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          Randomised trial of cholesterol lowering in 4444 patients with coronary heart disease: the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S)

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            Demonstration that C-reactive protein decreases eNOS expression and bioactivity in human aortic endothelial cells.

            C-reactive protein (CRP), the prototypic marker of inflammation, has been shown to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) deficiency is a pivotal event in atherogenesis. We tested the effect of CRP on eNOS expression and bioactivity in cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). CRP decreased eNOS mRNA, protein abundance, and enzyme activity in HAECs. Furthermore, eNOS bioactivity assayed by cyclic GMP levels was significantly reduced by CRP. Preincubation of cells with CRP also significantly increased the adhesion of monocytes to HAECs. CRP causes a direct reduction in eNOS expression and bioactivity in HAECs, further supporting its role in atherogenesis.
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              C-reactive protein accelerates the progression of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.

              Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration is a strong predictor of atherosclerosis. However, to date, there is no in vivo evidence that CRP is proatherogenic. We studied the effect of human CRP transgene (tg) expression, under basal and turpentine-stimulated conditions, on atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein (apo) E-/- mice. Aortic atherosclerotic lesions in 29-week-old male mice were 48% larger (P<0.02) in turpentine-treated mice and 34% larger (P<0.05) in untreated CRPtg+/0/apoE-/- mice. Turpentine treatment per se did not affect the extent of atherosclerosis in CRP transgenic or nontransgenic apoE-/- mice. Transgenic mice exhibited lower plasma complement C3 but increased deposition of CRP and C3 in the lesions, which suggests that CRP stimulated activation of complement within the lesion. There was more intense and widespread vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and collagen staining in the lesions of CRPtg+/0/apoE-/- mice than in CRPtg0/0/apoE-/- littermates. Lesions of CRPtg+/0/apoE-/- mice contained increased angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1-R) transcripts and displayed increased AT1-R immunostaining compared with those of CRPtg0/0/apoE-/- mice. There was no difference in blood pressure in the 2 types of mice, which indicates that the proatherogenic effect of CRP-associated AT1-R overexpression is local and not mediated by its hypertensive properties. Human CRP transgene expression causes accelerated aortic atherosclerosis in apoE-/- mice. CRP was detected in the lesion, which was associated with increased C3 deposition and increased AT1-R, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and collagen expression. These data document a proatherogenic role for CRP in vivo.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2005
                August 2005
                24 August 2005
                : 104
                : 2
                : 65-71
                Affiliations
                Departments of aCardiology and bClinical Chemistry, cAtherosclerosis Research Unit, King Gustaf V Research Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, and Departments of dMedicine and eRadiology, Danderyd University Hospital, Karolinska Institute, fDepartment of Medicine, Norrtälje Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
                Article
                86687 Cardiology 2005;104:65–71
                10.1159/000086687
                16020922
                © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 5, References: 30, Pages: 7
                Categories
                General Cardiology

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