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      Multi-target Micro-motion Feature Extraction Based on Tracking Pulses in MIMO Radar

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          The micro-motion feature is one of the important characteristic information of spatial target recognition. However, the existing multifunctional Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) radar usually has to allocate a large number of continuous time resources for target micro-motion feature extraction after target searching and tracking, which leads to a low real-time performance of target recognition and poor overall performance of radar system. To solve this problem, this paper presents a multi-target micro-motion feature extraction method for MIMO radar based on tracking pulses. First, according to the azimuth information of each target, the MIMO radar transmitting waveform is designed, and the tracking pulses are transmitted simultaneously for targets with different directions. On this basis, by considering the micro-motion feature extraction performance and the target tracking performance synthetically, the transmission time series of the tracking pulses are optimized. Finally, the narrowband tracking pulses are directly used to simultaneously extract the micro-motion features of the targets in different directions, which makes it no longer necessary to allocate additional radar resources for target feature extraction. Consequently, the real-time recognition performance and the working efficiency of radar are improved significantly. Simulations demonstrate that when the signal-to-noise ratio is larger than –10 dB, the micro-motion features of multi-targets can be extracted accurately, which verifies the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method.

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          Author and article information

          Journal of Radars
          Chinese Academy of Sciences
          01 October 2018
          : 7
          : 5
          : 575-584
          [1 ] ①(Institute of Information and Navigation, Air Force Engineering University, Xi’an 710077, China)
          [2 ] ①(Institute of Information and Navigation, Air Force Engineering University, Xi’an 710077, China) ②(Troop of No. 95561, PLA, Lasa 850000, China)
          [3 ] ③(College of Information Engineering, Engineering University of CAPF, Xi’an 710086, China)

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          Technology (General)

          Remote sensing,Electrical engineering
          Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) radar,Micro-motion feature,Multi-target,Tracking pulses


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