Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare but refractory pain disorder. Recent advanced information retrieval studies using text-mining and network analysis have suggested nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) as a possible central mediator of CRPS. The brain is also known to play important roles in CRPS. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in cerebral NFκB in rats with CRPS.
The chronic post-ischemia perfusion (CPIP) model was used as the CRPS animal model. O-rings were applied to the left hind paws of the rats. The rats were categorized into three groups according to the results of behavioral tests: the CPIP-positive (A) group, the CPIP-negative (B) group, and the control (C) group. Three weeks after the CPIP procedure, the right cerebrums of the animals were harvested to measure NFκB levels using an ELISA.
Animals in group A had significantly decreased mechanical pain thresholds ( P<0.01) and significantly increased cerebral NFκB when compared to those in groups B and C ( P=0.024).