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      Relationship between childhood trauma and depressive traits in college students and the influence of coping style and automatic thinking

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the moderated and mediating mechanism between childhood trauma and depressive traits, and to provide a reference for conducting the related research and intervention.

          Methods From 2017 to 2018, a cluster sampling method was adopted to select 2 786 freshman. Childhood trauma questionnaire, state-trait depression Scale, the automatic thought questionnaire and trait coping style questionnaire was administered.

          Results Regression analysis showed that childhood trauma, automatic thinking and negative coping was positively associated with depressive traits, and positive coping was negatively associated with depressive traits ( β=0.12, 0.40, 0.14, -0.33, P<0.05). The mediation analysis showed that automatic thinking mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and depressive traits (95% CI = 0.03-0.06). The results of moderation effect showed that negative coping moderated the relationship between childhood trauma and automatic thinking and the relationship between childhood trauma and depressive traits, respectively ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion Childhood trauma affects depressive traits, and its relationship is influenced by boping styles and automatic thinking.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探讨儿童期创伤与抑郁特质之间的中介和调节机制, 为开展相关研究和干预提供参考。 方法 2017—2018 年采用整群抽样的方法, 抽取湖南某髙校大一年级 2 786 名学生完成儿童期创伤问卷、状态特质抑郁问卷、自 动思维问卷和特质应对方式问卷的调査。 结果 儿童期创伤、自动思维和消极应对对抑郁特质起正向的预测作用, 积极应 对对抑郁特质起负向的预测作用 ( β 值分别为 0.12, 0.43, 0.14, -0.33, P 值均<0.05)。自动思维中介儿童期创伤与抑郁特 质之间的关系 (Bootstrapping 法的 95% CI 为 0.03~0.06)。消极应对分别调节了儿童期创伤与自动思维和儿童期创伤与抑 郁特质之间的关系 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 儿童期创伤影响抑郁特质, 其关系受到应对方式和自动思维的影响。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 April 2020
          01 April 2020
          : 41
          : 4
          : 547-550
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen (518055), Guangdong Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LU Jianping, E-mail: szlujianping@ 123456126.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.04.018
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.04.018
          7851d02a-8be9-4d29-ad56-01b2896b99d9
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Wounds and injuries,Adaptation, psychological,Depression,Students,Mental health

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