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      Individual IGF-I Responsiveness to a Fixed Regimen of Low-Dose Growth Hormone Replacement Is Increased with Less Variability in Obese Compared to Non-Obese Adults with Severe Growth Hormone Deficiency

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims: Decreased GH and IGF-I levels and increased GH responsiveness are frequently reported in obesity. As GH-deficient adults are commonly obese, the role of obesity in affecting hepatic responsiveness of IGF-I generation to GH stimulation is unclear in severe GH-deficient states. To address this question, we challenged a cohort of severely GH-deficient non-obese and obese adults with a fixed low GH dose (0.2 mg/day), and examined the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with IGF-I response. Methods: 12 non-obese (6 males, median BMI 24.7 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) and 14 obese (7 males, median BMI 45.2 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) adults with severe GH deficiency were studied for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at baseline, and weeks 4 and 8. Results: There was a larger increment and reduced variability of IGF-I levels in obese compared to non-obese GH-deficient adults at week 8, but not at week 4. A similar but smaller increment and less variability was observed with IGFBP-3. Increment IGF-I positively correlated with baseline BMI at weeks 4 (r = 0.49, p < 0.02) and 8 (r = 0.47, p < 0.02). No gender differences were observed with the IGF-I and IGFBP-3 response. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that there is a larger increment and deceased individual variability of IGF-I to the low GH replacement dose in obese compared to non-obese adults with severe GH deficiency, regardless of gender. The positive association of IGF-I increment with BMI implies a greater impact of obesity rather than GH deficiency in enhancing hepatic sensitivity to GH. These findings, thus, question the reliability of interpreting single serum IGF-I levels in non-obese adults with severe GH deficiency treated with low GH replacement doses.

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          Most cited references 28

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          Insulin-like growth factors I and II. Peptide, messenger ribonucleic acid and gene structures, serum, and tissue concentrations.

          There is currently widespread interest in the IGFs (IGF-I and IGF-II) and their roles in the regulation of growth and differentiation of an ever increasing number of tissues are being reported. This selective review focused on the current state of our knowledge about the structure of mammalian IGFs and the multiple forms of mRNAs which arise from alternative splicing and promoter sites which arise from gene transcription. Current progress in the immunological measurement of the IGF is reviewed including different strategies for avoiding binding protein interference. The results of measurements of serum IGF-I and IGF-II in fetus and mother and at various stages of postnatal life are described. Existing knowledge of the concentration of these peptides in body fluids and tissues are considered. Last, an attempt is made to indicate circumstances in which the IGFs are exerting their actions in an autocrine/paracrine mode and when endocrine actions predominate. In the latter context it was concluded that an important role for GH action on skeletal tissues via hepatic production of IGF-I and endocrine action of IGF-I on growth cartilage is likely.
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            The effects of treatment with recombinant human growth hormone on body composition and metabolism in adults with growth hormone deficiency.

            In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we studied the effects of six months of growth hormone replacement in 24 adults with growth hormone deficiency. Most of the patients had acquired growth hormone deficiency during adulthood as a consequence of treatment for pituitary tumors, and all were receiving appropriate thyroid, adrenal, and gonadal hormone replacement. The daily dose of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) was 0.07 U per kilogram of body weight, given subcutaneously at bedtime. The mean (+/- SE) plasma concentration of insulin-like growth factor I increased from 0.41 +/- 0.05 to 1.53 +/- 0.16 U per liter during rhGH treatment. Treatment with rhGH had no effect on body weight. The mean lean body mass, however, increased by 5.5 +/- 1.1 kg (P less than 0.0001), and the fat mass decreased by 5.7 +/- 0.9 kg (P less than 0.0001) in the group treated with growth hormone; neither changed significantly in the placebo group. The basal metabolic rate, measured at base line and after one and six months of rhGH administration, increased significantly; the respective values were 32.4 +/- 1.4, 37.2 +/- 2.2, and 34.4 +/- 1.6 kcal per kilogram of lean body mass per day (P less than 0.001 for both comparisons). Fasting plasma cholesterol levels were lower (P less than 0.05) in the rhGH-treated group than in the placebo group, whereas plasma triglyceride values were similar in the two groups throughout the study. We conclude that growth hormone has a role in the regulation of body composition in adults, probably through its anabolic and lipolytic actions.
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              Insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins: biological actions

               J Jones (1995)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2006
                January 2006
                01 February 2006
                : 65
                : 1
                : 6-13
                Article
                90121 Horm Res 2006;65:6–13
                10.1159/000090121
                16340214
                © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 4, References: 44, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Paper

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