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      Constriction of Ear Arteries from Normotensive and Renal Hypertensive Rabbits against Different Transmural Pressures

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          Abstract

          Isolated segments of rabbit ear arteries were made to constrict against normotensive and hypertensive transmural pressures by perfusion with submaximal concentrations of norepinephrine (NE). Changes in load (force/unit length of artery) and stress (force/wall cross-sectional area) during constriction against a constant pressure have been evaluated. Weak concentrations of NE constricted the arteries equally well against transmural pressures of 80 and 120 mm Hg and, in doing so, utilized much of the contractile capacity of the muscle. A stretch-mediated, co-operative interaction between muscle cells has been put forward to explain these observations. Ear arteries from renal hypertensive rabbits differed from those of normotensive rabbits in having a higher NE threshold concentration and in constricting better against 140 mm Hg. They did so because of the mechanical advantage provided by a smaller internal radius and a thicker wall which reduced the load and stress placed on the muscle by the pressure. No muscle hyperplasia or hypertrophy was detected.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1982
          1982
          19 September 2008
          : 19
          : 5
          : 247-262
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia
          Article
          158391 Blood Vessels 1982;19:247–262
          10.1159/000158391
          © 1982 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 16
          Categories
          Research Paper

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