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      La acción moral. Contraste entre las explicaciones motivacionales dadas por la filosofía y la psicología

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          Abstract

          La pregunta de por qué actuamos moralmente ha sido respondida de diferentes maneras tanto por la filosofía como por la psicología. La filosofía presenta explicaciones que pueden agruparse en tres tipos de posiciones: a) internalista o racionalista, derivada de Kant; b) externalista o emotivista, derivada de Hume; c) racionalista y externalista, o combinación de posiciones. La psicología, por su parte, ofrece explicaciones que pueden corresponder a las de la filosofía, pero con una primacía del tipo c). Un análisis crítico del fundamento de las distintas posiciones, así como de la evidencia empírica disponible en lo moral y en otros campos de la psicología, permite rechazar las dos primeras explicaciones a favor de la tercera.

          Translated abstract

          The question about why we act morally, has been answered by philosophy as well as by psychology. Philosophy offers explanations that could be grouped in three types of positions: a) internalism or rationalism, derived from Kant; b) externalism or emotivism, derived from Hume; c) combination of positions. These positions are also present in psychology, although c) predominates.A critical analysis of the suppositions underlying the different positions, as well as the empirical evidence in morality and related fields of psychology, allows us to reject the first two positions in favor of the third.

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          Most cited references 48

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          Feeling and thinking: Preferences need no inferences.

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            Emotion, regulation, and moral development.

             N Eisenberg (1999)
            Research and theory on the role of emotion and regulation in morality have received considerable attention in the last decade. Much relevant work has concerned the role of moral emotions in moral behavior. Research on differences between embarrassment, guilt, and shame and their relations to moral behavior is reviewed, as is research on the association of these emotions with negative emotionality and regulation. Recent issues concerning the role of such empathy-related responses as sympathy and personal distress to prosocial and antisocial behavior are discussed, as is the relation of empathy-related responding to situational and dispositional emotionality and regulation. The development and socialization of guilt, shame, and empathy also are discussed briefly. In addition, the role of nonmoral emotions (e.g. anger and sadness), including moods and dispositional differences in negative emotionality and its regulation, in morally relevant behavior, is reviewed.
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              Bridging moral cognition and moral action: A critical review of the literature.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                res
                Revista de Estudios Sociales
                rev.estud.soc.
                Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de los Andes (Bogotá )
                0123-885X
                August 2004
                : 0
                : 18
                : 27-35
                S0123-885X2004000200004

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Colombia
                Categories
                SOCIAL SCIENCES, INTERDISCIPLINARY

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