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      Doppler Diastolic Transmitral Flow Patterns in Severe Heart Failure: Response to Controlled Changes in Filling Pressure Using Intravenous Isosorbide Dinitrate

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          Abstract

          Serial Doppler diastolic transmitral flow patterns were compared with simultaneous hemodynamic measurements in a homogeneous group of patients with severe (New York Heart Association class 4) heart failure who were receiving high dose (508 ± 271 µg/min) intravenous isosorbide dinitrate. The Doppler tracing uniformly showed a severe restrictive pattern, with tall peak early diastolic filling (E) wave (84 ± 12 cm/s), small late filling (A) wave (28 ± 8 cm/s) and very high E/A ratio (3.2 ± 0.8). Isosorbide dinitrate decreased wedge pressure and systemic vascular resistance by a third and increased cardiac index by more than 40%. Transmitral Doppler E/A ratio changed directly in relation to the changes in pulmonary capillary wedge (r = 0.85, p = 0.03) and right atrial pressure (r = 0.84, p = 0.03), indicating preload dependence of transmitral flow velocity, even in severe heart failure.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1994
          1994
          18 November 2008
          : 85
          : 3-4
          : 235-243
          Affiliations
          Cardiovascular Research Unit, Department of Cardiology, Lady Davis Carmel Hospital, Haifa, Israel
          Article
          176681 Cardiology 1994;85:235–243
          10.1159/000176681
          7987881
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Clinical Pharmacology

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