Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Renal Hemodynamic Response to Erythropoietin-Induced Polycythemia in 5/6 Nephrectomised Rats Is Different from Normal Rats

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO)-induced polycythemia on renal function and glomerular hemodynamics were evaluated in Munich-Wistar rats (MW+EPO) before and after infusion of indomethacin; the rHuEPO effects on total renal function were also evaluated in 5/6 nephrectomized (CRF) MW and spontaneously hypertensive rats (MW-CRF+EPO and SHR-CRF+EPO, respectively). In normal MW rats, rHuEPO (300 IU/kg BW, 3×/week, during 2 weeks) induced elevation in MAP, with maintenance of GFR, paralleled by superficial vasodilatation and elevation in SNGFR, suggesting cortical blood redistribution. These hemodynamic alterations induced by rHuEPO were blunted by indomethacin, suggesting a participation of the vasodilator prostaglandins in the renal compensatory mechanism of polycythemia. Elevation in MAP and reduction in GFR occurred in the MW-CRF+EPO group compared with the group receiving vehicle. In contrast, the SHR-CRF+EPO presented a reduction in MAP and maintenance of GFR, suggesting different rHuEPO effects depending on previous renal function and/or hypertensive state.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Haemodynamic shear stress activates a K+ current in vascular endothelial cells.

          The endothelial lining of blood vessels is subjected to a wide range of haemodynamically-generated shear-stress forces throughout the vascular system. In vivo and in vitro, endothelial cells change their morphology and biochemistry in response to shear stress in a force- and time-dependent way, or when a critical threshold is exceeded. The initial stimulus-response coupling mechanisms have not been identified, however. Recently, Lansman et al. described stretch-activated ion channels in endothelial cells and suggested that they could be involved in the response to mechanical forces generated by blood flow. The channels were relatively nonselective and were opened by membrane stretching induced by suction. Here we report whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of single arterial endothelial cells exposed to controlled levels of laminar shear stress in capillary flow tubes. A K+ selective, shear-stress-activated ionic current (designated Ik.s) was identified which is unlike previously described stretch-activated currents. Ik.s varies in magnitude and duration as a function of shear stress (half-maximal effect at 0.70 dyn cm-2), desensitizes slowly and recovers rapidly and fully on cessation of flow. Ik.s activity represents the earliest and fastest stimulus-response coupling of haemodynamic forces to endothelial cells yet found. We suggest that localized flow-activated hyperpolarization of endothelium involving Ik.s may participate in the regulation of vascular tone.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            EXN
            Nephron Exp Nephrol
            10.1159/issn.1660-2129
            Cardiorenal Medicine
            S. Karger AG
            1660-2129
            1998
            June 1998
            22 May 1998
            : 6
            : 3
            : 245-252
            Affiliations
            a Nephrology Division, and b Biophysics Department, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
            Article
            20529 Exp Nephrol 1998;6:245–252
            10.1159/000020529
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 6, References: 39, Pages: 8
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/20529
            Categories
            Original Paper

            Comments

            Comment on this article