Objective This study was designed to evaluate the impact of a school-based child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention education on knowledge and skills of school-aged children in a rural area of China, and to provide a reference for conducting CSA prevention program in the rural area in the future.
Methods Three hundred and sixty-five school-age children, recruited from grade 2—5 in 2 rural schools of northeast China, were assigned to a CSA prevention education group or a control group by class. CSA prevention education was implemented by school teachers. Questionnaire surveys were conducted before and after the intervention. To evaluate intervention impact on students’ knowledge and skills, t-test was used to compare scores increment in knowledge and skills between intervention group and the control group.
Results The findings showed that scores in CSA prevention knowledge and skills among children in both groups was significantly improved after intervention. The increment of knowledge and skill scores in intervention group was 3.49 and 1.99, respectively, significantly higher than that of control group (1.05 and 1.11).
Conclusion The present study shows that school CSA prevention education is helpful to improve children’ s knowledge and skills of personal safety in the rural area. School-based CSA prevention education methods and evaluation methods needs to be further improved.
【摘要】目的 评价学校预防儿童性侵犯教育对农村学龄儿童自我保护知识和技能的影响，为今后在农村地区开展 预防儿童性侵犯教育提供参考。 方法 本研究在东北某农村地区2所学校二至五年级进行，儿童以班级为单位分为教育 组和对照组，由学校教师进行教育。分别于教育前和教育后对学生进行问卷调査，通过比较2组教育前后知识和技能得分 的变化评价教育效果。有365名学生参与并完成了教育前后问卷调査。二至五年级学生分别为110，104，88和63名；教 育组171名，对照组194名。 结果 与教育前比较，教育后教育组和对照组知识和技能得分均有显著增长（ P值均<0.01)。 教育后教育组儿童知识、告诉技能和总技能得分增长值分别为（3.49±3.50) (1.54±1.98) (1.99±2.51) ，明显髙于对照组的增 长值[分别为（1.05±3.64) (0.61±1.78) (1.11±2.23)]，差异有统计学意义 ( t值分别为6.50，4.67，3.50，P值均<0.01)。结论 学校预防儿童性侵犯教育有助于提髙农村儿童的自我保护知识和技能水平。应继续完善预防儿童性侵犯教育和评价方法。