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      Social networking and fear of missing out (FOMO) among medical students at University of Khartoum, Sudan 2021


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          With students becoming more involved in the internet and social networking sites, they become more prone to their consequences. This study focuses on measuring the social networking intensity and the fear of missing out among the medical students of University of Khartoum, then examining the association between them.


          Facility-based, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum University between January and March 2021. A total of 333 students were selected by simple random sampling. Data was collected from the participants using a structured self-administered questionnaire that involved the social networking intensity (SNI) scale and fear of missing out (FOMO) scale. The data was analyzed by the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software version 26.


          Moderate positive correlation between social networking intensity and fear of missing out was found ( p-value < 0.01). Of the total participants; 51 participants (15.4%) experienced low SNI and low FOMO. Another 78 participants (23.6%) had moderate SNI and moderate FOMO and only 16 Participants (4.8%) showed high SNI and high FOMO. There were no significant differences in SNI or FOMO scores among the different socio-demographic variables, except for the SNI score which was positively correlated to the monthly income.


          An association between SNI and FOMO was found. SNI was not affected by socio-demographic factors except for the monthly income.

          Supplementary Information

          The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1186/s40359-023-01403-z.

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          Most cited references13

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          Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out

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            Negative consequences from heavy social networking in adolescents: The mediating role of fear of missing out.

            Social networking sites (SNS) are especially attractive for adolescents, but it has also been shown that these users can suffer from negative psychological consequences when using these sites excessively. We analyze the role of fear of missing out (FOMO) and intensity of SNS use for explaining the link between psychopathological symptoms and negative consequences of SNS use via mobile devices. In an online survey, 1468 Spanish-speaking Latin-American social media users between 16 and 18 years old completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Social Networking Intensity scale (SNI), the FOMO scale (FOMOs), and a questionnaire on negative consequences of using SNS via mobile device (CERM). Using structural equation modeling, it was found that both FOMO and SNI mediate the link between psychopathology and CERM, but by different mechanisms. Additionally, for girls, feeling depressed seems to trigger higher SNS involvement. For boys, anxiety triggers higher SNS involvement.
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              Problematic smartphone use and relations with negative affect, fear of missing out, and fear of negative and positive evaluation


                Author and article information

                BMC Psychol
                BMC Psychol
                BMC Psychology
                BioMed Central (London )
                1 December 2023
                1 December 2023
                : 11
                : 422
                Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, ( https://ror.org/02jbayz55) ElQasr Avenue, Khartoum, Khartoum State 11111 Sudan
                © The Author(s) 2023

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

                : 8 February 2023
                : 19 October 2023
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                © BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2023

                social networking sites,social networking intensity,fear of missing out


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