Flea beetles, are common pests of cabbage Brassica oleracea L. (Brassicales: Brassicaceae) and eggplant Solanum melongena L. (Solanales: Solanaceae), but little is known about the flea beetle populations in Virginia, their impact on yield, or the most effective control methods. This research investigates flea beetle populations and the impact of their feeding injury on cabbage and eggplant in Southwest Virginia and determines the most efficacious control methods. In Whitethorne, VA, cabbage and eggplant crops were vacuum sampled weekly throughout two summers (2015, 2016). Crucifer flea beetle, Phyllotreta cruciferae (Goeze) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), and striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata Fabr. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) were found on cabbage; whereas, eggplant flea beetle, Epitrix fucula (Crotch) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), and the tobacco flea beetle, Epitrix hirtipennis (Melsheimer) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) were found on eggplant. To evaluate the impact of flea beetle feeding on these plants flea beetle densities and defoliation were assessed weekly and individual plant, as well as whole plot yields, assessed at harvest. For cabbage, significant yield reductions were observed between 1 and 20% and >60% defoliation. Similarly, significant yield reductions were observed between 41 and 60% and >60% defoliation for eggplant. The efficacy of various insecticides was also evaluated. Soil application of the systemic neonicotinoid dinotefuran, imidacloprid, and the foliar-applied bifenthrin resulted in the fewest beetles, the least amount of leaf defoliation, and the highest yield in cabbage and eggplant. This research helps vegetable growers to better understand the severity of these pests and how to effectively combat them.