Background/Aim: Carboxymethyllysine is one of the common advanced glycation end products in vivo. In a previous report, we were the first to describe the increase of circulating carboxymethyllysine-hemoglobin (CML-Hb) levels in hemodialysis patients, particularly in patients with dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA). The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of CML-Hb in the progression of DRA using computed tomography images of 2-year or 3-year follow-up periods of patients with amyloid bone cysts at the hip joint. Methods: Circulating CML-Hb levels were measured as previously reported, and computed tomography scanning was conducted from 1996 to 1998 or 1999 in 57 hemodialysis patients whose original renal disease had been confirmed to be nondiabetic. Patients who showed a new growth of cysts or a growth rate of 30% or more were classified as progressive cases, while the other patients were classified as nonprogressive cases. Results: (1) The circulating CML-Hb levels showed a strong correlation with the DRA score by multiple regression analysis, and (2) patients with progression of amyloid cysts showed a significantly higher circulating CML-Hb level than patients without progression. Conclusion: Based upon these results, we conclude that measurement of circulating CML-Hb levels has a potential value in both judgment of the clinical state and prediction of progression of DRA in hemodialysis patients.