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      Marine algal (seaweed) flora of Terceira Island, Azores

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          Abstract

          Background

          As for many other Azorean Islands, the macroalgal flora of Terceira (belonging to the central group of the archipelago) is poorly known, the published information reflecting occasional collections of sporadic visitors to the island. In order to overcome this and contribute to improve the knowledge of Azorean macroalgal flora at both local and regional scales, a thorough investigation was conducted. Both collections and presence data recordings were undertaken at the littoral and sublittoral levels down to approximately 40 m around the island, covering a total area of approximately 49 km 2. This paper lists the taxonomic records and provides information on each species’ ecology and occurrence on the Island’s littoral.

          New information

          A total of 418 specimens (including taxa identified only to genus level) belonging to 147 taxa of macroalgae, comprising 95 Rhodophyta , 33 Chlorophyta and 19 Ochrophyta ( Phaeophyceae ) are registered. Of these, 113 were identified to species level (73 Rhodophyta , 24 Chlorophyta and 16 Ochrophyta ), encompassing 35 new records for the Island (27 Rhodophyta , 6 Chlorophyta and 2 Ochrophyta ). Most species are native, including the Macaronesian endemisms Codium elisabethiae O.C.Schmidt, Millerella tinerfensis (Seoane-Camba) S.M.Boo & J.M.Rico and Phyllophora gelidioides P.Crouan & H.Crouan ex Karsakoff. Eight species are introduced and 15 have uncertain origin.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 13

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          Illegal harvesting affects the success of fishing closure areas

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            AlgaeBase. World-Wide Electronic Publication, National University of Ireland, Galway

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              The marine algae of the archipelago of Madeira

               T LEVRING,  T Levring (1974)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2020
                02 October 2020
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] cE3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/Azorean Biodiversity Group & Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, Açores, Portugal cE3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/Azorean Biodiversity Group & Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, Açores Portugal
                [2 ] Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, CCMMG (Centro do Clima Meteorologia e Mudanças Globais), IITA-A (Instituto de Investigação e Tecnologias Agrárias e do Ambiente), 9700-042 Angra dp Heroísmo, Terceira, Portugal Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, CCMMG (Centro do Clima Meteorologia e Mudanças Globais), IITA-A (Instituto de Investigação e Tecnologias Agrárias e do Ambiente) 9700-042 Angra dp Heroísmo, Terceira Portugal
                [3 ] Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, Açores, Portugal Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, Açores Portugal
                [4 ] N/A, Odivelas, Portugal N/A Odivelas Portugal
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Ana I. Azevedo Neto ( ana.im.neto@ 123456uac.pt ).

                Academic editor: Paulo Borges

                Article
                57462 14160
                10.3897/BDJ.8.e57462
                7547052
                Ana I. Azevedo Neto, Afonso C. L. Prestes, Nuno Vaz Álvaro, Roberto Resendes, Raul M. A. Neto, Ignacio Moreu

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 3, References: 36
                Funding
                This work is financed by the ERDF in 85% and by regional funds in 15%, through the Operational Program Azores 2020, within the scope of the project “ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072”.
                Categories
                Data Paper (Biosciences)
                Azores Biota
                Plantae
                Chromista
                Aquatic biology
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                Europe

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