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      Calcium Transfer during Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Total calcium, Ionized calcium, Peritoneal dialysis, Calcium transfer

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          Abstract

          Calcium transfer during intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) was studied in four groups of patients with chronic renal failure. Group I dialyzed with a dialysis fluid concentration of 2.16 mmol/l. Group II dialyzed with the same calcium content, but with a hyperosmotic solution. Group III dialyzed with a high calcium concentration, 4.47 mmol/l in dialysis fluid and in group IV the patients dialyzed 5 cycles against a calcium-free solution followed by 5 cycles with normal calcium content. In the first three groups a significant rise in serum total calcium and ionized serum calcium took place. At balance studies a positive net transfer of calcium from dialysis fluid to blood was demonstrated, the largest transfer occurring in group III. High osmolality in dialysis fluid is of no importance for the calcium transfer. In group IV a significant fall in serum total calcium during the first 5 cycles was removed. The loss of albumin to the dialysate did not affect the calcium transfer as well as the changes in serum albumin and pH did not influence the calcium state during IPD.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1981
          1981
          03 December 2008
          : 29
          : 1-2
          : 63-67
          Affiliations
          Department of Nephrology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
          Article
          182241 Nephron 1981;29:63–67
          10.1159/000182241
          7329477
          © 1981 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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