Shigeo Suzuki a , Junzo Suzuki a , Kazunari Kume a , Kazuo Yoshida a , Hidekazu Suyama a , Yukihiko Kawasaki a , Ruriko Nozawa a , Hitoshi Suzuki a , Tomoo Fujiki c , Satoru Kamiyama d , Akira Suzuki b
13 January 1999
In Japanese patients idiopathic tubular proteinuria presents mainly as asymptomatic tubular low molecular weight proteinuria. This disease has recently been shown to resemble Dent’s disease which is characterized by tubular proteinuria, hypercalciuria, rickets and eventual renal failure. We report on 4 children with idiopathic tubular proteinuria. Although they had normal renal function, as evidenced by serum creatinine or creatinine clearance, they had very poor renal accumulation of <sup>99m</sup>Tc-DMSA and the presence of large amounts of tracer in the bladder. Additionally, the patient with the largest amounts of tubular proteinuria had the poorest renal accumulation of the 4 patients. The renal accumulation of tracer decreased with time from a maximum at 10 min after injection. These findings demonstrate that the tracer, once taken to be confined to the proximal tubular cells, is immediately excreted to the tubular lumen. We suggest that poor renal accumulation of <sup>99m</sup>Tc-DMSA is very important in elucidating the mechanism of idiopathic tubular proteinuria, and that <sup>99m</sup>Tc-DMSA renoscintigraphy is useful in the evaluation of the patient’s renal function over time.